�x������- �����[��� 0����}��y)7ta�����>j���T�7���@���tܛ�`q�2��ʀ��&���6�Z�L�Ą?�_��yxg)˔z���çL�U���*�u�Sk�Se�O4?׸�c����.� � �� R� ߁��-��2�5������ ��S�>ӣV����d�`r��n~��Y�&�+`��;�A4�� ���A9� =�-�t��l�`;��~p���� �Gp| ��[`L��`� "A�YA�+��Cb(��R�,� *�T�2B-� >> 26 Foresight Africa: Top Priorities for the Continent in 2012 STRATEGIES TO IMPROVE FOOD SECURITY IN AFRICA Vera Songwe The Priority Global food … In general, the conceptual module for food security linkage to various sectors is shown in the following figure-2. /OriginalDocumentID /N 44 uuid:7f83a257-2c54-5245-aeaa-8b868a7397e1 /Type /Page This study was conducted to identify major factors influencing farm household food security and coping strategies employed to cope with food shortfall. << 4"�\��q(���� .��0؃�o�� JuzwYt��CW}Е��$l.ˢ��9NDd����QP a��S�c�6���Z��A+�^%�v�6��'L�)�7@���G���0��V=ic}G\I�W�_γ�����b�*����^մ��N����t�V~��a�(ea�[z*|׻;'���tO��e~���` ��� 2.2.1 Availability The first dimension is the availability. H�b``������$����WR����~�������|@���T��#���2S/`M. (*���(%�8H����8c�-�� f�ԉd�9�@6_IjH��9���(3=�D����R�1%? The development objective was to “sustainably increase rural incomes and national food security”. /PageUIDList << /0 204 >> /PageTransformationMatrixList << /0 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 4337 0 obj /CA 1.0 There is no empirical evidence on Jimma Town pensioner’s household food insecurity and coping strategies. endobj b) Food Security Situation in Ethiopia PROCESS startxref Now in its fourth phase, the PSNP has expanded from its traditional emphasis on food and cash transfers for work 0000013669 00000 n %%EOF CMYK >> Thus, rural households engage in to different livelihood diversification activities to ensure their food needs and secure their future livelihoods. /FunctionType 3 279.9 -292.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /0 [ 229.0 17.0 3.0 63.0 352.7 533.25 Today, Ethiopiafaces high levels of food insecurity, ranking as one of the hungriest countries in the world, with an estimated 5.2 million people needing food assistance in 2010. endobj 4. 0000002052 00000 n 100.000000 endobj /BleedBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] According to United Nations, food security means that "all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life". H�\��j�0����l/JҴ�[�! 0000035081 00000 n endstream endobj 600 0 obj <>stream 607 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[595 100]/Info 594 0 R/Length 79/Prev 479081/Root 596 0 R/Size 695/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 -394.377 333.828 ] /5 [ 365.0 3.0 2.0 -528.675 -156.0 >> 12.0 4.0 -1224.0 -285.0 1224.0 -285.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 -285.0 ] /13 [ Print 0.760132 -596.992 166.664 ] /6 [ 388.0 4.0 2.0 -540.149 288.828 -182.4 335.6 proof:pdf >> /S 1153 saved The four DFSAs share similar goals that support the FFP Food Security Strategy in Ethiopia and programs implemented by the Government of Ethiopia under PSNP4. >> << 72.999992 0000039550 00000 n Document ... Full text views reflects the number of PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views. 96.000000 /op false /Function 4339 0 R endobj /Type /Metadata 4339 0 obj converted In a nutshell, the economic policy, development strategy, food security strategy and food security program seem well linked. {���d��o�^Ի�|�? 0.000000 363.5 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /15 [ 2037.0 6.0 4.0 -579.333 258.123 >> 377/2003: 2003--- Food Security Strategy: 2002--- Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration and Control Council of Ministers Regulation (Regulation No. Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) endobj /Type /ExtGState /Length 584 /SA true endobj 0 /Range [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] -395.731 294.123 0.760132 0.0 0.0 0.760132 -596.992 166.664 ] /14 [ 529.0 /Widths [ 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ethiopia is one of the most food … ;���jx9���~1+�I�ւ��m�68�N��md>�V��R�Qkp���*�J��,�\+=���� �g�~�b�u���;� /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] endobj C=96 M=39 Y=0 K=73 /C1 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] !�GU� �F���0 It best defines food security in the context of subsistence farmers which this study particularly deals with. /Filter /FlateDecode endstream xmp.iid:F2ACD67AA62168118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 4336 0 obj /Parent 177 0 R h��W[o�6�+|l0d���$�0��u`� r�aA�u�ɲ!�[��w%Ҕc'�_�=�<7��Q�,!�h��9ќ��\)᱄1"���:!�% LR""�ւ�H��Ǐt:�@/M�7l8�?+rF�� �T-6ˢZ��n:�n��cx���m��֞����|���SA�”���q4ի�6�p���1��ٖ��0/�Ґ��nF�z5�\�YB!8*?X²�||��oy�zqMo6�:/�dL�������ۻk�i6��iv�7�je��ek����[C���l;;޸Y��%� M'������HЩ�D�tV櫆 krq���p�Xde�ɬ�G+���|�0���.�:^QhX` �s�� ��>����W����M�xv�"�k�d�^���W+($�Ykֿ��uy�*�\�vS�?�T��m�XYT�����~-�q�~=+ꦝJ��|��}j1�94�4�|� >> endobj Keywords : food security, economic growth, income distribution, inflationary pressure, population growth rate, budgetary deficits, supply side Magenta endobj In Ethiopia, Feed the Future aims to improve long-term food security by connecting families to economic opportunities, financial services, and agricultural and nutrition services. /AntiAlias false ��E���+�%����������� ��J�5��a�� /Coords [ 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 ] -324.65 -99.1 -301.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /3 [ 319.0 1.0 2.0 -540.0 /FunctionType 2 0000005776 00000 n CMYK /TrimBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] /Contents [ 4354 0 R 4355 0 R 4356 0 R 4357 0 R 4358 0 R 4359 0 R 4360 0 R Inches ��w�G� xR^���[�oƜch�g�`>b���$���*~� �:����E���b��~���,m,�-��ݖ,�Y��¬�*�6X�[ݱF�=�3�뭷Y��~dó ���t���i�z�f�6�~`{�v���.�Ng����#{�}�}��������j������c1X6���fm���;'_9 �r�:�8�q�:��˜�O:ϸ8������u��Jq���nv=���M����m����R 4 � A cross-sectional study was conducted … 0000005609 00000 n 0000024406 00000 n the four components of the Food Security Program, and it contributes to achievement of the FSP’s expected Outcome of “improved food security status of male and female members of food insecure households living in chronically food insecure woredas.” • CCI … stream endstream endobj 599 0 obj <>stream xmp.did:32CA993CD92068118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 h�bbd``b`�� c$�`��4�S#�P\Q@"�� � �s&F�G@#�� 0000004707 00000 n Adobe PDF library 10.01 xmp.iid:FA7F1174072068118083AB7D686FA4DB The coping strategies pursued by rural households in rural Ethiopia include minimizing number and quantity of meals in a day, diversifying livelihood income sources, migration, and wage labor. 0000005341 00000 n 4344 0 R /T1_0 4348 0 R /SH1 4353 0 R >> /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] >> 0000040264 00000 n 4335 0 obj Food security is defined, according to the World Food Summit of 1996, as existing "when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life". /MediaBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] 0000034912 00000 n 0.0 4.0 -583.228 -366.378 -27.2283 365.622 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 76.8284 24.378 ] endstream endobj startxref This commonly refers to people having "physical and economic access" to food that meets both their nutritional needs and food preferences. Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) /Metadata 4343 0 R /CropBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] White Programming includes institutional strengthening of PSNP4, local governments, and communities; and increasing agricultural productivity, income, and nutritional status. s���u79�:Vs�Tw��7�T���`��ڿ��$�-J��v����9y�Y�/��[|m ��"O�2��)8�ϟ�9�ژ�:�#���� g��f��[�-�yO|`> o֑ш\qME5�TTSq��1� �bVĬ�HK�w�'�1���ua�!䚵4i��u5�j�դ��>�cR4Jܸ|���C��gwC[i. It is hoped that through the effective roll-out of this implementation plan, Ethiopia will experience a paradigm shift towards the elimination of child undernutrition by 20 30. Hence, the purpose of this study is to examine the food insecurity situation and identify the determinants among the rural households of Boset district. Khalid Bomba is the CEO of Ethiopia’s Agricultural Transformation Agency.. Dan Glickman is executive director of the Aspen Institute’s Congressional Program and was formerly the US Secretary of Agriculture.. Cyan /Extend [ true true ] 0000034709 00000 n 2.0 43.15 -341.65 269.4 -329.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /10 [ 443.0 10.0 PIF preparation was guided by existing policies and strategies of the Government of Ethiopia. << (�� x m p . >> �׶�g��41��U���h-�Ì�s�WI�y�������S$"L�(h��F[�=fr�%I�w俠_p��tH��(n��ʼ�����ԑ� 4338 0 obj /Type /Catalog /MarkInfo << /Marked true >> xref 0000036575 00000 n 4361 0 R 4362 0 R 4363 0 R 4364 0 R ] %PDF-1.6 %���� Most beneficiaries are employed in labor-intensive public works for six months per year with a small Default Swatch Group endobj /��6��b�, .��C[���{����.�\�S�&j{X�� Px���ȇ��+��>��'��y���\�{r1{����B\ �7MN � �Xc���{p�����_�Z�O��{~C�>{:fo˯��w�wS�p���c���8ux;��=D��"��m^�j�2�+� YJa� /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] To review the causes of food and nutrition insecurity in Ethiopia. 2014-05-15T15:26:02-04:00 4330 0 obj Ethiopia is vulnerable to climate change because our economies largely depend on climate-sensitive agricultural production. uuid:74e3e5b9-783c-5e47-af85-93e9e90612ff (�� x m p . 0 0 0 444 466 0 474 346 261 0 475 278 0 0 0 729 501 406 0 0 341 262 284 496 stream This section provides a brief overview of the current food security and nutrition context in which USG investments are being made. /ArtBox [ 0.0 0.0 612.0 792.0 ] /Subtype /NChannel Despite rapid population growth, Ethiopia’s poverty rate fell from 56 percent in 2000 to close to 30 percent endstream endobj 596 0 obj <>/Metadata 78 0 R/Names 609 0 R/Outlines 621 0 R/PageLabels 586 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/PageMode/UseOutlines/Pages 589 0 R/StructTreeRoot 179 0 R/Type/Catalog/ViewerPreferences 610 0 R>> endobj 597 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 281/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 598 0 obj <>stream /Subtype /XML /Resources << /ExtGState << /GS0 4333 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /CS0 4334 0 R >> /OP false 0000014115 00000 n >> 0.000000 Food Security involves four aspects entitled the Four Dimensions of Food Security. /N 1.14355 endstream endobj 602 0 obj <>stream /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] xmp.did:F2ACD67AA62168118083EB5D5DA1DEC0 << Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) >> 1 2013-07-26T14:52-04:00 Poverty . 4334 0 obj Ethiopia has made significant progress on food security and nutrition although challenges remain. << /ca 1.0 /PieceInfo << /InDesign << /PageItemUIDToLocationDataMap << /11 [ 444.0 7.0 CONCLUSIONS. The National Food and Nutrition Policy (NFNP) updates and revises the National Nutrition Policy of 2007. 2014-05-15T16:59:44-04:00 / The relationship between the TPLF/EPRDF and state security forces. 694 0 obj <>stream %%EOF / /E 41233 /FunctionType 2 / Climate change is happening and already affecting food security in Africa. /Process 4337 0 R 4331 0 obj Black >> /OPM 1 roadmap. endobj /Metadata 187 0 R CMYK uuid:5D20892493BFDB11914A8590D31508C8 "F$H:R��!z��F�Qd?r9�\A&�G���rQ��h������E��]�a�4z�Bg�����E#H �*B=��0H�I��p�p�0MxJ$�D1��D, V���ĭ����KĻ�Y�dE�"E��I2���E�B�G��t�4MzN�����r!YK� ���?%_&�#���(��0J:EAi��Q�(�()ӔWT6U@���P+���!�~��m���D�e�Դ�!��h�Ӧh/��']B/����ҏӿ�?a0n�hF!��X���8����܌k�c&5S�����6�l��Ia�2c�K�M�A�!�E�#��ƒ�d�V��(�k��e���l ����}�}�C�q�9 4.000000 estimation strategy; section 5 presents our results and we end with concluding remarks in ection s 6. /Linearized 1 >> uuid:5D20892493BFDB11914A8590D31508C8 /BM /Normal 0 Better understanding of major determinants of food security at household level is important to design appropriate interventions in order to ensure food security for food insecure households in Ethiopia. /ToUnicode 4345 0 R Ethiopia w… saved /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] MethodsThe paper was developed through literature survey approach. /Shading << /Sh0 4338 0 R >> /Properties << /MC0 4342 0 R >> /Font << /T1_1 << 0000022511 00000 n 2y�.-;!���K�Z� ���^�i�"L��0���-�� @8(��r�;q��7�L��y��&�Q��q�4�j���|�9�� /AIS false << /Root 4331 0 R To review the impacts of Conflict on food and nutritional security in Ethiopia. 0000038770 00000 n << /ColorSpace /DeviceCMYK WBG_Horizontal-CMYK 2014-05-15T16:59:43-04:00 >> >> /LastChar 121 II DECLARATION I declare that livelihoods and coping strategies of rural households in Abela Lida Peasant Association of Shebedino district, Sidama zone in Southern region of Ethiopia is my own work << ]��b����q�i����"��w8=�8�Y�W�ȁf8}ކ3�aK�� tx��g�^삠+v��!�a�{Bhk� ��5Y�liFe�̓T���?����}YV�-ަ��x��B����m̒�N��(�}H)&�,�#� ��o0 Impacts of prosopis on food security and livelihoods in Northeast Ethiopia Prosopis juliflora is a multipurpose dry land tree or shrub native to South America, Central America and the Caribbean (Pasiecznik et al., 2001). /O 4332 4332 0 obj stream 0.000000 4.0 -1224.0 333.0 1224.0 333.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 333.0 ] /9 [ 441.0 9.0 /PageLayout /OneColumn endobj endobj 100.000000 >> 0000005489 00000 n << /Pages 175 0 R False %���� They are both members of the Aspen Institute Food Security Strategy Group. /Encode [ 0.0 1.0 0.0 1.0 ] H�\��j� ��>�w�ٜ%P�r����NR�eby��6l�*����s���)d�o݀�@�q�;��@�ڂ. << endobj application/pdf Adobe Illustrator CS6 (Macintosh) False d i d : d 6 e f 9 d 9 b - 5 7 d 7 - 9 1 4 2 - 9 8 7 8 - c 5 3 a 0 d 4 b e 7 b d) C=100 M=0 Y=0 K=0 -325.0 -193.2 -301.65 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] /2 [ 276.0 18.0 3.0 79.5 << /Info 186 0 R 0.000000 Ethiopia is currently facing new challenges related to food insecurity among the urban poor. 1.0 -612.0 -396.0 ] >> /LastModified (�� D : 2 0 2 0 1 1 1 2 1 7 5 7 3 1 Z) The Government of Ethiopia’s Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is one of the largest safety net programs in the world. The previous section has shown the depth of overall poverty and food insecurity, which the Government is committed to addressing through implementation of Food Security Strategy. endobj and lack of education are the major causes of food insecurity in rural Ethiopia. 4343 0 obj 0000023805 00000 n >> Key Messages. converted /Rotate 0 >> 0.000000 The linkage of nutrition, household food security and social protection is )U!���$5�X�3/9�� �(�$5�j�%V*�'��&*���r" (,!��!�0b;�C��Ң2(��ɘ� � I�8/ The PSNP is a major component of the Government of Ethiopia’s Food Security Program and plays a critical role in building the resilience capacity of chronically food insecure communities to drought and other shocks. These problems are often complicated by the synergy of nutrition with childhood infections. 4333 0 obj /C1 [ 0.96 0.39 0.73 ] /ColorSpace 4334 0 R /ID [] 0000014538 00000 n 2014-05-15T16:59:44-04:00 595 0 obj <> endobj /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding Food security and nutrition – the Ethiopian case for action - Volume 5 Issue 3 ... institutions and people concerned with food security in Ethiopia. /H [ 1375 677 ] saved arise if invasives species are left unmanaged, and advocates for a strong policy and strategy in Ethiopia to deal with them. 283.0 519.0 346.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 -1.0 4.0 ] /1 [ 253.0 16.0 3.0 54.0 -308.8 d i d : 9 8 3 e 5 2 a 4 - e 6 8 3 - 0 2 4 d - b d e 9 - 7 f d b 3 0 6 9 a b 3 7) stream 0 /C0 [ 0.0 0.0 0.0 ] << endobj xmp.iid:FE7F117407206811808397DBB9DCE004 4345 0 obj c� pD�3z������)�n���c;�9"�2�E]��,���ŵӃ�Rz��&:���T�}`6H0��؍!����;���@�@f��`�)��@X��^�MlJjg�p�;eo������+)�p���b �9Y����'S+�\Q�RrY���c�#4i�|��&�7:p�1XwD� ����B,�>�)ɟ�C~d:8)�v6{�+�Q�e�A�Չ��Jm����B��L�DޓA7�?��d;�DHA~� 'c�?����T��� /FontDescriptor 4346 0 R /L 1106262 0000005056 00000 n ] >> /NumberofPages 1 /PageWidthList << /0 612.0 >> /NumberOfPageItemsInPage The specific objectives of the paper are; To review the Food and nutrition security-conflict nexus. %PDF-1.4 2. 4342 0 obj /Components [ /Cyan /Magenta /Yellow /Black ] /Size 4366 Those four dimensions are easy to extract from the WFS definition and are, together, equally useful as a tool for food security analysis. National Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding: 2004--- Labour Proclamation No. Since the outbreak of conflict in … Despite several efforts made so far to improve the overall food insecurity situation, the challenge is still a major problem in Ethiopia since a long time ago. n�3ܣ�k�Gݯz=��[=��=�B�0FX'�+������t���G�,�}���/���Hh8�m�W�2p[����AiA��N�#8$X�?�A�KHI�{!7�. Food security situation in Ethiopia: The National Food Security Strategy (FDRE., 1996) reports that as the Ethiopian population grew from 15 million in 1951-55 million during early the 1990s, the production of cereals dropped on per capita basis by more than 25% from around 200 kg in … This definition in other word states that food security analysis at the household level is determined by a household’s own production and members’ ability to purchase food of the right quality. ;�l��JX�y�IV�`�D�����cy*];��=���Q6�����+�Z'������7]�E���4�Е��E�����&9��� 0000004989 00000 n /Length 339 0000005156 00000 n N'��)�].�u�J�r� /ShadingType 3 0000004617 00000 n 4.000000 /Filter /FlateDecode 4340 0 obj /StructParents 53 Pensioners are segments of the population with reduced income and working capacity because of advancement of age and other related problems. l /Bounds [ 0.544 ] %�%�38� 0 � /Domain [ 0.0 1.0 ] H��6R��KI�P0�3 ��"�Ԋ����$C���� �OBL.b@�.�:s]t3PT��4�Tȅ���Ҕ���p�M���� � �k �FX� 0000035799 00000 n 0000005728 00000 n �V��)g�B�0�i�W��8#�8wթ��8_�٥ʨQ����Q�j@�&�A)/��g�>'K�� �t�;\�� ӥ$պF�ZUn����(4T�%)뫔�0C&�����Z��i���8��bx��E���B�;�����P���ӓ̹�A�om?�W= /Subtype /Type1 >> In the WFS definition it … /T 1019533 [ 490.0 8.0 2.0 54.0 -285.001 540.0 52.6115 1.0 0.0 0.0 1.0 299.764 -226.245 4365 0 obj converted from application/postscript to application/vnd.adobe.illustrator 0000038051 00000 n � x�c```b``�g`e`��c`@ �;ǯ)��@@��(`�|i��38Jد�_�y�.ϖ�r�Օ͘�R� [:w��g�@��9f3�j�.���i��������A�O�Mh�@� �$N&g�%Қ��$v2I�\��,�4�Y��֞E'���nF-�L�J)S�vV����©S��'�8�UȤ3X=`i�V(5�ں���j���&j��Y�I+��͐�)/''���=,�sKѥW *X4,heԱ��wxʹj՚��J:9�Ec⒬��[ *����S������J�rm:3� �䂢��;���h�F�\��G'�u*{@y?t��' x�Ā^�������>s��z]C8> (Hm^�D�#T�n��&�KP�[��04`*��! 0.000000 0000001375 00000 n /Lang (�� E N - U S) 16 /DocumentID The main government tools to address the h�b```b``����� x�A�X��バ'KS ���� ;�%D�D��q�`��y��TC�,��9���ϱ,c:��\!r�!&�a�᭡!n�W�Ⱥ^�t[�;%K�J���pѷ����H�-a!� Bu]:2,:�:2:8�� �;8 2 l A���������~ � �|�@`Tf�g��]�` �����݊#��� �����pb�c`X�����}"�vg`t���ƒӗ��t+D�a&{0��(iV�)`q�@*����4D�� c�g� This strategy addresses both the supply and the demand side of the food >> Approximately 20.5 percent of households are estimated to be food insecure in 2016. 0000004474 00000 n PROCESS /Length 100 It leverages on pre-existing policies, strategies and programmes in place to maximize lessons learned and apply best practices a t scale in a targeted approach. / /C0 [ 1.0 0.0 0.0 ] endstream food insecurity and help to design advance strategies to alleviate food insecurity in Ethiopia. Food security Crisis across much of western Ethiopia drives significantly above-normal needs for 2021. At individual level, the proportion of food … 0.000000 H���yTSw�oɞ����c [���5la�QIBH�ADED���2�mtFOE�.�c��}���0��8�׎�8G�Ng�����9�w���߽��� �'����0 �֠�J��b� food security that affects more than 20% of Rwandan families. endstream endobj 601 0 obj <>stream /BaseFont /UKBTXO+AGaramondPro-Italic 0000037290 00000 n PDF | Food security relates directly to nutrition and health. [ /DeviceN [ /Cyan /Magenta /Black ] /DeviceCMYK 4335 0 R 4336 0 R ] the Food Security Strategy of Ethiopia. 39.000000 0000023152 00000 n his article examines the food security situation in Ethiopia during the COVID-19 pandemic and attempts to glimpse into the future. 0000001195 00000 n 0 0 596 581 0 0 0 0 703 761 0 340 623 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 634 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 /Length 7798 4341 0 obj saved 2013-10-03T11:10:23-04:00 So far, this strategy has not brought about the anticipated food security and sustainable economic growth. and their impact on food security and nutrition 51 2.2 Commodity dependence and its relevance for food security and nutrition 61 2.3 Nexus between economic growth, poverty, and food security and nutrition: the role of inequality 79 2.4 Policies for achieving sustainable escapes from food insecurity and malnutrition in the Survey method and implementation The PSNP is Ethiopia’s flagship rural food security program, operational since 2005. 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