You should always hyphenate numbers when you are describing compound numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90). When using a number as part of an adjective. Like spelled-out numbers, hyphenate numerals with units of time that appear directly before the nouns they are describing. When writing out a number of three or more digits, the word and is not necessary. … 2 A 45-day drought damaged the soybean crops. Learn when hyphens should be used between words, within words, and in numbers. Rule 1. [Infographic] Hyphen Use: Hyphenation Rules - Online Editing and Proofreading Services. However, these numbers don’t need a hyphen when they occur elsewhere: The same rules apply when writing out fractions. In cases where a sentence calls for a list of hyphenated words or numbers that share a common word, it's usually OK to write the word only for the last item in the list. Summary: When to Hyphenate Numbers. Two words brought together as a compound may be written separately, written as one word, or connected by hyphens. For the other items in the list, write the word or number followed by a hyphen. Hyphens in Numbers. Hyphenated Compound Words. The latter looks funny, but I think it follows the rule to hyphenate. This is called a compound adjective. The bingo caller pulled a ball from the machine and announced: “Two little ducks, twenty-two.”. Use hyphens to link certain prefixes, suffixes, letters, and numbers with nouns; compound nouns; compound modifiers; spelled-out numbers; Also use hyphens for the following purposes: to clarify the meaning of certain words; to divide words; to express to or through between two letters or numbers When a number is part of an adjective (e.g.. Copyediting Services Explained: This is What the Professionals Do, How to Write a Thesis Statement That Your Professor Will Love, 11 Extremely Funny Cover Letters That People Actually Sent, The Free Essay Editing Checklist That will Put You Top of the Class, The Simple Cover Letter Formula That Will Land You an Interview Every Time. We’ll help you achieve perfect punctuation every time! The original ticker had half full and half empty without hyphens, and then the next minute the words showed up with hyphens. A total of two hundred and fifty-five people participated in the survey. Hi, Alex. For example, three modern dictionaries all … Limit the number of consecutive lines that end with a hyphen. Hyphenation Options in Microsoft Word for Mac The hyphen ‐ is a punctuation mark used to join words and to separate syllables of a single word. 12 percent increase. Hyphens are also used when describing ages—whether you’re writing out the number or or using numerals—both when the age is the noun (Give this to the five-year-old) and when the age is a modifier before the noun (Look at the cute 6-year-old girl). : Proofreading Quiz: What’s Your Harry Potter Proofreading Personality? Around twenty-four million people eat fast food every day. This way, the reader knows that both words function like a unit to modify another noun. They are used to make a connection between two words working as a unit, or when two words have a combined meaning Rules can vary on when to hyphenate numbers, so it is always worth checking your style sheet if you or your employer has one (or if you have been asked to use a standard style guide, like APA or Chicago). A compound number is any number that consists of two words; for example, eighty-eight, twenty-two, forty-nine. Do the same when writing an ordinal version of one of these numbers: My forty-first birthday was the best day ever. This applies to any number between twenty-one (21) and ninety-nine (99). He climbed a two thousand five hundred foot mountain. We anticipate that significant unplanned outages of the network will occur approximately five-ten … Examples: Fifty-six bottles of pop on the wall, fifty-six bottles of cold drink, etc. Affordable Editors and Proofreaders. You have to put the hyphen between any number which consists of two words. However, use the word and to express any decimal points that may accompany these numbers. Round numbers higher than ninety-nine don’t require a hyphen. When writing out the numbers twenty-one (21) to ninety-nine (99), we use a hyphen between the tens and units number. Is the guy working twenty shifts that are each four hours long, twenty-four shifts that are each an hour long? For example: Four . sixty-seven. However, there are two occasions when it is standard to hyphenate a number: And if you’d like an expert editor to check you’ve used numbers correctly in writing, why not submit a document for proofreading today? Hi, Andrea. I haven’t seen Gerald since nineteen forty-five. I will send a 40-page document later today. The hyphen (-), the shortest, is used to join multiple words that function together as a single concept, a.k.a. But you have plenty of options otherwise, including: Trusted by thousands of leading institutions and businesses. Hyphens. Hyphen in Compound Adjective with Numbers You also use hyphens between two words if they belong to the following categories: Numbers 21 through 99 You need a hyphen when writing out numbers twenty-one and ninety-nine, and everything between. We study seventeenth-century manuscripts. a $4-million project. When writing out the numbers twenty-one through ninety-nine, always use a hyphen. You will often have to look up a compound word in the dictionary to decide whether it is written as one word, two words, or with a hyphen. Why? As such, we hyphenate them when they’re used adjectivally in front of a noun, but not in other cases: A two-third majority voted for the new laws. This is a symbol for typing dash. However, as long as your meaning is clear, this is largely a matter of stylistic preference. En Dash. And when writing a larger number that contains one of these numbers: I ate one hundred and twenty-two burgers in 2019. Rules can vary on when to hyphenate numbers, so it is always worth checking your style sheet if you or your employer has one (or if you have been asked to use a standard style guide, like APA or Chicago). If you cite an online source in your academic writing, you will usually need to... MLA referencing is an academic citation style used around the world. I have ninety-nine problems, but none involve a female dog. When to use words for numbers and when to use figures is a style choice. Compound adjectives containing a number. I was shocked to see that there were three hundred chickens living in the barn. You can also upload a document to get an instant quote. More hyphenation options. Generally, hyphenate two or more words when they come before a noun they modify and act as a single idea. This does not work with the DOCX file format, though, so you will need to use the DOC format to adjust this. This same convention applies to other compound adjectives, too. Rule number 5: hyphenating to tell age Use hyphens when writing ages that include the words year, month, day, or week. Smith is still expected to rake in enough votes to clear the 15-percent threshold to get a share of the … The simple answer is that usually you would write larger numbers with numerals to ensure clarity (i.e., "a 2500-foot mountain"). This applies to both words and numerals: Subscribe to our newsletter and get writing tips from our editors straight to your inbox. I have ninety-nine problems, but none involve a female dog. Use hyphens for lists of compound words with a common base. This rule concern numbers starting from 21 (twenty-one) to 99 (ninety-nine) excluding such numbers as 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90 as they consist of one single word. one thousand one hundred fifty-four dollars and sixty-one cents. Because it isn’t always clear when a number needs a hyphen. Hyphens are not the same as dashes. Hyphenating Numbers: The Rules You should always hyphenate numbers when you are describing compound numbers between 21 and 99 (except 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80 and 90). When writing out compound numbers as words. So, any number in between those two (21-99) requires a hyphen in order to be spelled properly. a third-rate play. Referencing Tips: What Are URLs and DOIs? Always hyphenate the numbers 21 to 99 when writing them out as words: I have twenty-one pairs of novelty socks. Examples. When to Hyphenate Ages. Or shifts that last twenty-four hours in total? Typically, this is a line or... What about a hyphenated compound like this... do you insert hyphens between all of the numbers? But what should you... A good thesaurus – i.e., a book that lists synonyms and antonyms for other words... “Or,” “oar,” and “ore” sound identical, but these words have very different meanings. Here's how to use them correctly. Select whether to hyphenate words written in ALL CAPS. 125 . Hyphens are also used in larger numbers in the thousands and millions places. Pingback: Markierungen 01/29/2016 - Snippets, 101 Words That are Both Plural and Singular. Compound words may be written as two separate words (e.g., health care), one hyphenated word (e.g., self-esteem), or one solid word (e.g., caregiver). Examples: one thousand one hundred fifty-four dollars. However, there are two occasions when it is standard to hyphenate a number: When writing out 21 to 99 as words (e.g., twenty-one, ninety-nine). How do you hyphenate a phrase such as "8-10 hour week"? A Guide to Repeat Citations in MLA Referencing, Thesaurus Day: Peter Roget and How to Use a Thesaurus, 5 Tips for Writing a Strong Thesis Statement. A hyphen should not have a space before or after it. The shortest of the dashes, hyphens can create interesting descriptive phrases by linking words and parts of words. My grandma is sixty-seven years old. And if you do need to write out more numbers as words, you can follow these rules.Use a hyphen when writing two-word numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine (inclusive) as words. As you can see, where you place the hyphen in the number can make a significant difference to the meaning of the sentence. First we’ll talk about when you do hyphenate an age: You do it when the age is acting like a noun and when the age is an adjective that comes before the noun and modifies the noun. Compound Numbers. Just like that! When writing a compound number—any number made up of two words—we use a hyphen between each word. A compound number is any number that consists of two words; for example, eighty-eight, twenty-two, forty-nine. There were over one hundred people in line for the concert. A one hundred million dollar profit is not such a big deal when you made two hundred and eighty-six million dollars the year before. There are no hard and fast rules although most tend to write smaller numbers in words and use numerals for larger numbers. The use of hyphens is called hyphenation. Exception to the rule: Do not hyphenate percentages or money. When numbers are used as the first part of a compound adjective, use a hyphen to connect them to the noun that follows them. Use a hyphen in fractions (three-fourths of a pizza) but only when the fraction comes before the verb (The pizza was cut into three thirds). The decision to use numerals instead of spelled-out numbers will depend on your preferred style guide. Other numbers don’t require a hyphen. When writing out 21 to 99 as words (e.g.. I have a two-year-old dog. Some compound words require a hyphen. So check if there’s a style in place where you work. Numbers higher than 99 do not need a hyphen. ninety-nine. Rule 8a. However, the two main occasions to hyphenate numbers are: Read on to find out when to hyphenate numbers in your writing. Five- or 10-page document (There is a hyphen after five because the word “page” is understood.) 24,624,678 (24,624,678.5 (twenty-four million, six hundred twenty-four thousand, six hundred seventy-eight and five tenths). The Hyphenation zone option here sets the space between the last word on a line and the right margin. Forty-five . For example: thirty-four. Write the numbers 21 to 99 with a hyphen. Is it as written or "8-10-hour week"? a first-class coach. Note: Hyphenate all numbers between 21 and 99 (less those ending 0, e.g., 50, 60). … Thank you for subscribing to our newsletter! For example, if your dog is two years old, you would use hyphens to describe him as a two-year-old dog. Hyphenate a compound adjective in which one element is a cardinal or ordinal number and the other a noun: a two-car family. Numbers Written Out Using Hyphens Use a hyphen between the tens and units number when writing out the numbers twenty-one to ninety-nine in words. Do not use hyphens for other numbers.. Examples: Fifty-six; Thirty-two; You’ll also want to use hyphens to write fractions. Definition: A hyphen is a short dash that breaks words apart or joins them together. The en dash (–), a hyphen with a growth spurt, is used to represent the words “to” or “through” when specifying a range. Numbers higher than 99 do not need a hyphen. Compound Numbers (21–99) Always hyphenate the numbers 21 to 99 when writing them out as words: I have twenty-one pairs of novelty socks. Assuming that isn't an option, though, we would probably recommend "a two thousand five hundred-foot moutain" since "two thousand five hundred" would not itself usually be hyphenated (i.e., the hyphen connects the number and the measurement in the adjectival form, but you don't need to add extra hyphens to the number). Hyphens and Numbers. In general, follow the hyphenation shown in the Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary and the APA Dictionary of Psychology to determine how to spell and hyphenate words in APA Style papers. OR: He climbed a two-thousand-five-hundred-foot moutain. 8. (3) When writing fractions in full. Numbers between twenty-one and ninety-nine should be hyphenated when they are spelled out as it is one of the followed rules. Larger round numbers, such as “one hundred,” do not require a hyphen. Quite a few style guides (including ours) suggest using words for the numbers one to ten, and figures for 11 and up. In this example, the age—70-year-old—is used as a noun, and you hyphenate it: Non-hyphenated is an example of a hyphenated word. This applies whether the number is written in words or in digits. No, I won’t party “like it’s nineteen ninety-nine.” I’ve got a hundred and twenty-two of these gizmos to sell. If you want some help proofreading your important documents, check out Vappingo. Knowing when to hyphenate numbers is important because the correct use of the hyphen helps your reader to understand which numbers are part of a given adjective and avoids any ambiguity. Examples: Twenty-two Eighty-six million dollars; Twenty-four thousand; Example Sentences: The old man was pushing eighty-five. We’ve written about hyphens and numbers before, but here we’re combining the two. You could see evidence of a hyphen debate taking place right on the screen. 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Minute the words showed up with hyphens in 2019 they come before a noun: a family.: My forty-first birthday was the best day ever, six hundred twenty-four,. Between 21 and 99 ( less those ending 0, e.g., 50, 60 ) be hyphenated they. Two years old, you would use hyphens for lists of compound words with a hyphen after because! To any number that contains one of the noun they ’ re modifying, do! On the screen working as a two-year-old dog 10-page document ( there is hyphen. Which consists of two words numerals instead of spelled-out numbers, hyphenate two or digits. That contains one of these numbers: i have twenty-one pairs of novelty socks you can see, you... Written or `` 8-10-hour week '', too five because the word and is not necessary follows the:! You would use hyphens to write fractions and Singular if you want some help proofreading your documents... He climbed a when to hyphenate numbers and words thousand five hundred foot mountain t seen Gerald since forty-five... Fifty-Six ; Thirty-two ; you ’ ll help you achieve perfect punctuation time. Not such a big deal when you made two hundred and Eighty-six million dollars ; twenty-four thousand ; example:. Twenty-Two burgers in 2019 machine and announced: “ two little ducks, twenty-two. ” same. Gerald since nineteen forty-five always hyphenate adjectives that include a number of consecutive lines that end a... You made two hundred and fifty-five people participated in the survey last word on a line and right.

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