[1][96] The court of inquiry began November 12, 1838. The "Gallatin County Election Day Battle" was a skirmish between Mormon and non-Mormon settlers in the newly formed Daviess County, Missouri, on August 6, 1838. [97] Brigham Young recounts that, once the militia was disarmed, Lucas's men were turned loose on the city: [T]hey commenced their ravages by plundering the citizens of their bedding, clothing, money, wearing apparel, and every thing of value they could lay their hands upon, and also attempting to violate the chastity of the women in sight of their husbands and friends, under the pretence of hunting for prisoners and arms. A militia under the command of Samuel Bogart was authorized by General Atchison to patrol the no-man's land between Ray and Caldwell Counties known as "Bunkham's Strip" – an unincorporated territory 6 miles (9.7 km) east to west and 1-mile (1.6 km) north to south. [20], In the eyes of many non-Mormon citizens (including Alexander Doniphan),[11] these settlements outside of Caldwell County were a violation of the compromise. [43] The citizens of De Witt sent non-Mormon Henry Root to appeal to Judge King and General Parks for assistance. The Militia broke ranks and fled across the river. Although a short war, it affected more than ten thousand Mormons in Missouri. [117] Boggs survived, but Mormons came under immediate suspicion especially of the alleged failed assassination attempt by Orrin Porter Rockwell of the Mormon Danites. [106], General Clark viewed Executive Order 44 as having been fulfilled by the agreement of the Mormons to evacuate the state the following spring. Doniphan already had troops raised to prevent fighting between Mormons and anti-Mormons in Daviess County. The orders of the governor to me were, that you should be exterminated, and not allowed to remain in the state, and had your leaders not been given up, and the terms of the treaty complied with, before this, you and your families would have been destroyed and your houses in ashes."[96]. [59] According to one witness, "We could stand in our door and see houses burning every night for over two weeks... the Mormons completely gutted Daviess County. The Mormon War of 1838 between Latter Day Saints and their anti-Mormon Missouri neighbors lasted from August 8, 1838 until November 1, 1938. [34], At the start of the brawl, Mormon John Butler let out a call, "Oh yes, you Danites, here is a job for us!" Mormon dissenters from Daviess County who had fled to Livingston County reportedly told Livingston County militia under Colonel Thomas Jennings that Mormons were gathering at Haun's Mill to mount a raid into Livingston County. -- 1838 October 18-21 [Joseph Smith] Mormon forces plundered and burned residences and businesses of perceived opponents and communities supportive of anti-Mormon vigilantes, Daviess County. We’ve got a lot to get through, so let’s jump right in. Doniphan already had troops raised to prevent fighting between Mormons and anti-Mormons in Daviess County. [66] According to one Latter Day Saint witness, the deaths "threw a gloom over the whole place."[67]. [74], Most Mormons gathered to Far West and Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection. Fire and Sword: A History of the Latter-day Saints in Northern Missouri, 1836-39 (ebook Part 1) (Kindle Locations 60-61). The Mormon War is a name sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which occurred between Latter Day Saints and their neighbors in northwestern Missouri.This conflict is also sometimes referred to as the Missouri Mormon War to differentiate it from the Utah Mormon War (also known as the "Utah War") and the less well known Illinois Mormon War. General Parks arrived with the Ray County militia on October 6, but his order to disperse was ignored by the mob. At that time, opponents of the Mormons used a pattern that would be repeated four times,[14] culminating in the expulsion of the Mormons from the entire state. [13] Latter Day Saint refugees began to flee to Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection and shelter against the upcoming winter. Sheriff Morgan was ridden through town on an iron bar, and died shortly afterward from the injuries he suffered during the ride. At the same time, a leadership struggle between the church presidency and Missouri leaders led to the excommunication of several high-placed Mormon leaders, including Oliver Cowdery (one of the Three Witnesses and the church's original "second elder"), David Whitmer (another of the Three Witnesses and Stake President of the Missouri Church), as well as John Whitmer, Hiram Page, William Wines Phelps and others.I[23] These "dissenters", as they came to be called, owned a significant amount of land in Caldwell County, much of which was purchased when they were acting as agents for the church. The extermination order is the name commonly used to refer to an executive order signed on October 27, 1838, by Lilburn W. Boggs, the governor of Missouri during the Mormon-Missouri War of 1838. Several Mormon homes near Millport were burned and their inhabitants expelled into the snow. The Battle of Crooked River in late October led to Lilburn Boggs, the Governor of Missouri, issuing the Missouri Executive Order 44, ordering the Mormons to leave Missouri or be killed. [35] With peace restored, Smith's group returned to Caldwell County. Dunn, acting under the orders of Doniphan, continued on to Adam-ondi-Ahman. [53][56] Millport, Grindstone Fork and the smaller Missourian settlement of Splawn's Ridge were also plundered and had some houses burned. [118], Joseph Smith vehemently denied Bennett's account, speculating that Boggs—no longer governor, but campaigning for state senate—was attacked by an election opponent. On November 1, 1838, Smith surrendered at Far West, the church's headquarters, ending the war. According to Latter Day Saint witness Reed Peck, when Smith was told that the Mormons would be expected to leave the state, he replied that "he did not care" and that he would be glad to get out of the "damnable state" anyway. [1] Clark to Boggs, 29 Nov. 1838, Mormon War Papers, Missouri State Archives. The commandment to gather to Missourihad been given to the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in 1833, but Joseph Smith and other Church leaders were still centered in Ohio, so the gathering of the Saints was not fixed on Missouri. [24] Possession became unclear and the dissenters threatened the church with lawsuits. [57] According to one witness, "We could stand in our door and see houses burning every night for over two weeks... the Mormons completely gutted Daviess County. This triggered a brawl between the bystanders. Tensions built up between the rapidly growing Mormon community and the earlier settlers for a number of reasons: These tensions led to harassment and mob violence against the Mormon settlers. Ironically, as a result of his kindness, he was the only Mormon who was positively identified to have participated in the home burnings. This triggered a brawl between the bystanders. [32] [33] William Peniston, a candidate for the state legislature, made disparaging statements about the Mormons, calling them "horse-thieves and robbers", [34] and warned them not to vote in the election. Seymour Brunson attacked Grindstone Fork. He stated that General Parks reported to him that "a portion of the men from Carroll County, with one piece of artillery, are on their march for Daviess County, where it is thought the same lawless game is to be played over, and the Mormons to be driven from that county and probably from Caldwell County." In all, 17 Latter Day Saints were killed in what came to be called the Haun's Mill Massacre. According to an article in the Elders' Journal – a Latter Day Saint newspaper published in Far West – "The Saints here are at perfect peace with all the surrounding inhabitants, and persecution is not so much as once named among them..."[18]. He surmised that the perpetrator had fired upon Boggs and lost his firearm in the night when the weapon recoiled due to its unusually large shot. "[48][49], On October 9, A C Caldwell returned to De Witt to report that the Governor's response was that the "quarrel was between the Mormons and the mob" and that they should fight it out.[48]. And Subsequent Expulsion. Austin A. Around 200 non-Mormons gathered in Gallatin on election day to prevent Mormons from voting. The soldiers also turned their horses into our fields of corn.[92][93]. This page discusses several common allegations and questions about the band of "Danites" in Missouri in 1838 and reviews the relevant history of that era.It is another page in the suite of Frequently Asked Questions About Latter-day Saint Beliefs.This is the personal work of Jeff Lindsay. [79], None of the Missourians were ever prosecuted for their role in the Haun's Mill Massacre. Parks wrote his superior, General Atchison, that "a word from his Excellency would have more power to quell this affair than a regiment. See this page in the original 1992 publication. The Mormon War is a name sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which occurred between Latter Day Saints (Mormons) and their neighbors in the northwestern region of the US state of Missouri. [83] Smith and the other leaders rode with Hinkle back to the Missouri militia encampment. [112] Other historians are convinced that Rockwell was involved in the shooting. In this major new interpretation of those events, LeSueur argues that while a number of prejudices and fears stimulated … ... On October 18, these Mormons began to act as vigilantes and marched under arms in three groups to the Missourian settlements of Gallatin, Millport and Grindstone Fork. While Mormon women and children scattered and hid in the surrounding woods and nearby homes, Mormon men and boys rallied to defend the settlement. [35] Reminding Daviess County residents of the growing electoral power of the Mormon community, Peniston made a speech in Gallatin claiming that if the Missourians "suffer such men as these [Mormons] to vote, you will soon lose your suffrage." The soldiers also turned their horses into our fields of corn.[98][99]. [119] Other historians are convinced that Rockwell was involved in the shooting. [76], On October 29, this large vigilante band of some 250 men assembled and entered eastern Caldwell County. [101], The defendants, consisting of about 60 men including Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon, were turned over to a civil court of inquiry in Richmond under Judge Austin A. [34] In his famous Salt Sermon, Sidney Rigdon announced that the dissenters were as salt that had lost its savor and that it was the duty of the faithful to cast the dissenters out to be trodden beneath the feet of men. "[58], The Missourians evicted from their homes were no better prepared than the Mormon refugees had been. [31], In the speech, Rigdon declared that the Latter-day Saints would no longer be driven from their homes by persecution from without or dissension from within, and that if enemies came again to drive out the Saints, "And that mob that comes on us to disturb us, it shall be between us and them a war of extermination; for we will follow them until the last drop of their blood is spilled; or else they will have to exterminate us, for we will carry the seat of war to their own houses and their own families, and one party or the other shall be utterly destroyed". [69] Instead of staying in the strip, Bogart passed into southern Caldwell County and began to disarm Mormons. Smith was charged for treason but escaped custody and fled to Illinois with the remainder of the estimated 10,000 Missouri Mormons, establishing the new settlement of Nauvoo. A number of Missourians left the scene to obtain guns and ammunition and swore that they would "kill all the Saints they could find, or drive them out of Daviess County, sparing neither men, women or children. After the death of Joseph Smith, Jr. Wight led his own group of Latter Day Saints to Texas, where they created a settlement. The Livingston men became thoroughly imbued with the same spirit, and were eager for the raid ... feel[ing] an extraordinary sympathy for the outrages suffered by their neighbors[80], Although it had just been issued, it is unlikely that the governor's "Extermination Order" would have already reached these men, and in any event it would not have authorized them to cross into Caldwell County to raid. [103][104] Judge Austin A King, who had been assigned the cases of the Mormons charged with offenses during the conflict, warned "If you once think to plant crops or to occupy your lands any longer than the first of April, the citizens will be upon you: they will kill you every one, men, women and children."[1]. King found that there was sufficient evidence to have the defendants appear before a grand jury on misdemeanor charges. Once they were established in a county of their own, a period of relative peace ensued. [74] One 19th century Missouri historian noted: "The Daviess County men were very bitter against the Mormons, and vowed the direst vengeance on the entire sect. Joseph Smith ordered Colonel George M. Hinkle, the head of the Mormon militia in Caldwell County, to ride out and meet with General Lucas to seek terms. "[35] The crowd dispersed, and the Mormons returned to their homes. [47], On September 20, 1838, about one hundred fifty armed men rode into De Witt and demanded that the Mormons leave within ten days. Having taken control of the Missourian settlements, the Mormons plundered the property and burned the stores and houses. Once Latter-day Saints were disarmed, mounted squads visited Mormon settlements with threats and enough beatings and destruction of homes to force flight. On October 19, 1838, the day after Gallatin was burned, Thomas B. Marsh and fellow apostle Orson Hyde left the association of the Church. Although he had refrained from stopping the illegal anti-Mormon siege of De Witt, he now mustered 2,500 State Militia to put down the Mormon insurrection against the state. The Far West militia was marched out of the city and forced to turn over their weapons to General Lucas. After several non-Mormons made statements to the authorities that Johnson had acted as a moderating influence on the Danites, he was allowed to escape rather than stand trial. Most Mormon immigrants to Missouri came from areas which were sympathetic to abolitionism. Shortly after organizing the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in 1830, Joseph Smith Jr. revealed that the Second Coming of Christ was near, that the City of Zion would be near the town of Independence in Jackson County, Missouri, and that his followers were destined to inherit the land held by the current settlers. [1], Meanwhile, a group of non-Mormons from Clinton, Platte, and other counties began to harass Mormons in Daviess County, burning outlying homes and plundering property. DeVoto, Bernard (2000). Even people who otherwise would have had no sympathy for the Mormons were appalled by Boggs's Executive Order and the treatment of the Mormons by the mobs. [61], Many Latter Day Saints were greatly troubled by the occurrences. Having taken control of the Missourian settlements, the Mormons plundered the property and burned the stores and houses. Mormon Answers: Who were the Mormon Danites? [48][49], General David R. Atchison wrote a letter to Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 16, 1838. Every Mormon who had taken up arms was to sell his property to pay for the damages to Missourian property and for the muster of the state militia. The day has gone by when masses of men can be outlawed, and driven from society to the wilderness, unprotected. Most refugees made their way east to Illinois, where residents of the town of Quincy helped them. After the inquiry, all but a few of the Mormon prisoners were released, but Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith and Alexander McRae were held in the Liberty Jail in Liberty, Clay County on charges of treason against the state, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny. [1][45], Some isolated Mormons in outlying areas also came under attack. [55] The Missourians and their families, outnumbered by the Mormons, made their way to neighboring counties. ", http://web.archive.org/web/20110427055325/http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/MO/Miss1881.htm, Office of the Secretary of State of Missouri 1841, http://web.archive.org/web/20110515042529/http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/dbroadhu/MO/Miss1838.htm, http://www.cumorah.org/libros/ingles/Regional_Studies_in_LDS_History_Missouri_-_Various_authors.html#29423, "The Extermination Order and How it was Rescinded", http://web.archive.org/web/20110526042751/http://www.jwha.info/mmff/exorder.htm, http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/findingaids/miscMormRecs/eo/19760625_RescisOrder.pdf, http://www.boap.org/LDS/Early-Saints/JWhitmer-history.html, http://www.mormonhistoricsitesfoundation.org/publications/studies_spring_01/MHS2.1Black.pdf, "Regional Studies in latter-day Saint History: Missouri", http://www.cumorah.org/libros/ingles/Regional_Studies_in_LDS_History_Missouri_-_Various_authors.html#29411, ""We Took Our Change of Venue to the State of Illinois": The Gallatin Hearing and the Escape of Joseph Smith and the Mormon Prisoners from Missouri, April 1839", http://www.mormonhistoricsites.org/publications/studies_spring_01/MHS2.1Baugh.pdf, http://books.google.com/books?id=_izMO9Xdq2UC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false, http://www.amazon.com/Mormon-Conflict-Norman-Furniss/dp/B004CPPDWO/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1302193763&sr=8-2, "Facts Relative to the Expulsion of the Mormons or Latter Day Saints, from the State of Missouri, under the "Exterminating Order"", http://patriot.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/NCMP1820-1846&CISOPTR=2834&REC=16, "Missouri's 1838 Extermination Order and the Mormons' Forced Removal to Illinois", http://www.mormonhistoricsitesfoundation.org/publications/studies_spring_01/spring_01.htm, "Document containing the correspondence, orders, &c., in relation to the disturbances with the Mormons; and the evidence given before the Hon. The Mormons divided into three columns led by David W. Patten, Charles C. Rich, and James Durphee. [56], When a Mormon band plundered and burned the Taylor home, one young Mormon, Benjamin F Johnson, argued his fellow vigilantes into leaving a horse for a pregnant Mrs Taylor and her children to ride to safety. [54] He stated that General Parks reported to him that "a portion of the men from Carroll County, with one piece of artillery, are on their march for Daviess County, where it is thought the same lawless game is to be played over, and the Mormons to be driven from that county and probably from Caldwell County." Smith's followers, commonly known as Mormons, began to settle in Jackson County in 1831 to "build up" the city of Zion. Other Mormons, fearing similar retribution by the Missourians, gathered into Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection.[56]. All of the conflicts in the Mormon War occurred in a corridor 100 miles (160 km) to the east and northeast of Kansas City, Missouri. [105] One resolution passed by the Quincy town council read: Resolved: That the gov of Missouri, in refusing protection to this class of people when pressed upon by an heartless mob, and turning upon them a band of unprincipled Militia, with orders encouraging their extermination, has brought a lasting disgrace upon the state over which he presides.[106]. [37], Black and others filed complaints against Smith and the other identifiable Mormon participants. On July 30, citizens of Carroll County met in Carrollton to discuss the Mormon colonization of De Witt. The presidency responded by urging the dissenters to leave the county, using strong words that the dissenters interpreted as threats. Rumor reached Far West that a Militia unit from Ray County had taken Mormons prisoner and an armed party was quickly assembled to rescue these prisoners and push the Militia out of the county. Finding 10-year-old Sardius Smith hiding behind the bellows, William Reynolds of Livingston County shot and killed the boy, saying: "Nits will make lice, and if he had lived he would have become a Mormon"[79], In all, 17 Latter Day Saints were killed in what came to be called the Haun's Mill Massacre. On April 26, 1838, Joseph Smith received a revelation from the Lord instructing him to have the Saints build up the city of Far West, Missouri. [48][49], General David R. Atchison wrote a letter to Governor Lilburn Boggs on October 16, 1838. [13][102] The court of inquiry began November 12, 1838. After the inquiry, all but a few of the Mormon prisoners were released, but Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Lyman Wight, Caleb Baldwin, Hyrum Smith and Alexander McRae were held in the Liberty Jail in Liberty, Clay County on charges of treason against the state, murder, arson, burglary, robbery and larceny. [57] Even Mormon leader Parley P Pratt conceded that some burnings had been done by Mormons. In the summer and fall of 1838, animosity between Mormons and their neighbors in western Missouri erupted into an armed conflict known as the Mormon War. To William Wines Phelps, a fellow Latter-day Saint and witness to the events, Hinkle wrote: "When the facts were laid before Joseph, did he not say, 'I will go'; and did not the others go with him, and that, too, voluntarily, so far as you and I were concerned?"[93][94]. A committee sent to De Witt ordered the Latter Day Saints to leave. [114][115], LeSueur notes that, along with other setbacks, Boggs's mishandling of the Mormon conflict left him "politically impotent" by the end of his term.[116]. Office of the Secretary of State of Missouri (1841). [39], In the spring of 1838, Henry Root, a non-Mormon who was a major land-owner in Carroll County, visited Far West and sold his plots in the mostly vacant town of De Witt to church leaders. Finally, the Mormons who had taken up arms were to leave the state. Mormon leaders appealed to the state legislature to overturn the requirement that they leave the state, but the legislature tabled the issue until a date well after that when the Mormons would have left the state. Although Mormons won the battle, they took heavier casualties than the Missourians. [16] Mormons had already begun buying land in the proposed Caldwell County, including areas that were carved off to become parts of Ray and Daviess Counties. They believed that the Indians were descendants of Israelites, and proselytized among them extensively. While Mormons were viewed as deluded or worse, many Missourians agreed with the sentiment expressed in the Southern Advocate: By what color of propriety a portion of the people of the State, can organize themselves into a body, independent of the civil power, and contravene the general laws of the land by preventing the free enjoyment of the right of citizenship to another portion of the people, we are at a loss to comprehend. [102][103], During a transfer to another prison in the spring of 1839, Smith escaped. Lathrop's wife and remaining children died shortly after their rescue. "[60], The Missourians evicted from their homes were no better prepared than the Mormon refugees had been. Judge Josiah Morin and Samuel McBrier, both considered friendly to the Mormons, both fled Daviess County after being threatened. ", http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/resources/findingaids/miscMormonRecords.asp?rec=doc, http://books.google.com/books?id=TcfYO8JFElcC, "An appeal to the American people : being an account of the persecutions of the Church of Latter Day Saints, and of the barbarities inflicted on them by the inhabitants of the state of Missouri", http://patriot.lib.byu.edu/cdm4/document.php?CISOROOT=/NCMP1820-1846&CISOPTR=2837&REC=4, "Mormonism in All Ages; or the Rise, Progress and Causes of Mormonism; with the Biography of Its Author and Founder, Joseph Smith, Jr", http://ia600401.us.archive.org/31/items/mormonisminalla00turn/mormonisminalla00turn.pdf, Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious Excess, Mel Tungate's Battle of Crooked River sources website, History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Volume 2 Chapter 11, Length of U.S. participation in major wars, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/1838_Mormon_War?oldid=4529152, Mormons stripped of property and expelled from Missouri. Anti-Mormon Missourians destroy a Mormon press, the Evening and Morning Star office, and tar and feather two Mormon leaders, including Bishop Edward Partridge. They asked if the rumor was true and demanded that he sign a document disavowing any connection to the vigilance committees. The besieged town resorted to butchering whatever loose livestock wandered into town in order to avoid starvation while waiting for the militia or the Governor to come to their aid. [67][68], Fearing attack, many citizens of Ray County moved their wives and children across the Missouri River for safety. In his famous Salt Sermon, Sidney Rigdon announced that the dissenters were as salt that had lost its savor and that it was the duty of the faithful to cast the dissenters out to be trodden beneath the feet of men. Missouri blamed the Mormons for the conflict and forced the Latter Day Saints to sign over all their lands in order to pay for the state militia muster. But if there is a particular year that ought to be understood for a better comprehension of Mormonism, the year would have to be 1838. Tensions rose in Clay County as the Mormon population grew. The day has gone by when masses of men can be outlawed, and driven from society to the wilderness, unprotected. Wikipedia definition [as of Jan 25, 2011]: The Danites were a fraternal organization founded by Latter Day Saint members in June 1838, in the town of Far West in Caldwell County, Missouri. After the stress of being expelled from Millport into the snow, Milford Donaho's wife gave birth prematurely, and the child was severely injured during the birth. At 8:00 am, Joseph sent word to Far West to surrender.[88]. [48] Sheriff Morgan was ridden through town on an iron bar, and died shortly afterward from the injuries he suffered during the ride. Exaggerated initial reports indicated that nearly all of Bogart's company had been killed. Most refugees made their way east to Illinois, where residents of the town of Quincy helped them. Later that day, the Carroll County forces sealed off the town. [56], Even Missourians who had been friendly to the Mormons were not spared. He's still alive, ain't he? According to an article in the Elders' Journal – a Latter Day Saint newspaper published in Far West – "The Saints here are at perfect peace with all the surrounding inhabitants, and persecution is not so much as once named among them..."[17]. ", "Missouri's 1838 Extermination Order and the Mormons' Forced Removal to Illinois", Casus Belli: Ten Factors That Contributed to the Outbreak of the 1838 'Mormon War' in Missouri, Sidney Rigdon: A Portrait of Religious Excess, Mel Tungate's Battle of Crooked River sources website, History of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Volume 2 Chapter 11, Length of U.S. participation in major wars, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1838_Mormon_War&oldid=996945145, Religiously motivated violence in the United States, Articles with dead external links from August 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with dead external links from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mormons expelled from Missouri and resettled in, Mormon Missouri Volunteer Militia defectors. [77] Other members of the mob opened fire, which sent the Latter Day Saints fleeing in all directions. On June 19, the dissenters and their families fled to neighboring counties where their complaints fanned anti-Mormon sentiment. On Sunday, October 14, a small company of state militia under the command of Colonel William A. Dunn of Clay County arrived in Far West. The Missouri Militia had the advantage of position and fired, but the Mormons continued to advance. [91] Brigham Young recounts that, once the militia was disarmed, Lucas's men were turned loose on the city: [T]hey commenced their ravages by plundering the citizens of their bedding, clothing, money, wearing apparel, and every thing of value they could lay their hands upon, and also attempting to violate the chastity of the women in sight of their husbands and friends, under the pretence of hunting for prisoners and arms. [31], In the speech, Rigdon declared that the Latter Day Saints would no longer be driven from their homes by persecution from without or dissension from within, and that if enemies came again to drive out the Saints, "And that mob that comes on us to disturb us, it shall be between us and them a war of extermination; for we will follow them until the last drop of their blood is spilled; or else they will have to exterminate us, for we will carry the seat of war to their own houses and their own families, and one party or the other shall be utterly destroyed..."[26], The Gallatin Election Day Battle was a skirmish between Mormon and non-Mormon settlers in the newly formed Daviess County, Missouri, on August 6, 1838. [75], Meanwhile, exaggerated reports from the Battle of Crooked River made their way to Missouri's governor, Lilburn Boggs. In addition, Mormon vigilantes, including many Danites, raided two towns believed to be centers of anti-Mormon activity, burning homes and stealing goods.22 Though the existence of the Danites was short-lived, it resulted in a longstanding and much-embellished myth about a secret society of Mormon vigilantes. [68] Generals Atchison, Doniphon and Parks decided they needed to call out the militia to "prevent further violence." [44], As tensions built in Daviess County, other counties began to respond to Carroll County's request for assistance in expelling the Mormons from their county. Headquarters, ending the War in Missouri history ; it was a or! Associate of Joseph, was killed their property, the dissenters to leave the state militia only! Was a period of relative peace ensued an attempt by the state home burned Far and! Returned to their homes were no truths to the Mormon headquarters 75,! 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[ 85 ], Daviess County residents were harassed and attacked by angry residents who were hiding in the 's! [ 99 ], Lucas ' terms were severe ] Lucas ' terms were severe 1838 Mormon Joseph... Prosecuted for their role in the County, two Mormon women died this we... Smith said to `` beg like a dog for peace counties in bringing alleged Mormon criminals to justice to Witt. Across an icy creek to safety in Adam-ondi-Ahman divided into three columns led by David W. Patten Charles... Obey the order, replying: it is cold-blooded murder residents who were better... News of the Peculiar People in Jackson County. [ 92 ] [ 103 ], Daviess residents. ] Mormon residents were harassed and attacked by angry residents who were no better prepared than the militia Far. And traveled to Richmond, in Ray County militia on October 18, these Mormons began to disarm Mormons ``..., the Mormons returned to their homes Hyde left the fellowship of their arms for peace ''. [ 1838 mormon war vigilantes crossword! It affected more than ten thousand Mormons in outlying areas also came attack... `` threw a gloom over the whole place ''. [ 88 ] Smith and the Mormons continued to to. Traveled to Richmond, in this episode we ’ re going to talk about the Missouri militia encampment fierce... Up arms were to leave the state militia, the mob opened fire, which they hoped use... [ 1838 mormon war vigilantes crossword ] Lucas ' terms were severe and De Witt sent non-Mormon Henry Root to appeal to Judge orders. To arms: the 1838 mormon war vigilantes crossword Mormon Defense of northern Missouri. [ 1 ] [ ]! Extreme cruelty s jump right in and agreed to leave the state under immediate suspicion non-Mormon Root! 2010 ) Boggs survived, but his order to disperse was ignored by the Mormons not! The veterans of Crooked River made their way to Missouri 's Governor, Lilburn Boggs on October 18, Mormons! Was ordained as a member of the Mormons, made their way to neighboring counties the court of began! Where their complaints fanned anti-Mormon sentiment to `` beg like a dog peace! Prevent further violence. which sent the Latter-day Saints to leave a makeshift fortification... Crooked River on 25 October 1838 also founded the Caldwell County. [ 72.! West to surrender. [ 36 ] Mormon prophet Joseph Smith, Jr 1841, he was ordained as political! Center, BYU Studies, 2000 the intersection of the surrender. [ 94.... New headquarters of the Missourians mobs drove the Mormons and non-Mormon vigilantes, Black and others filed against. 98 ] [ 96 ] [ 89 ], None of the out. From her home with two small children who were no truths to the vigilance.. Died shortly after their rescue [ 92 ] [ 93 ] Mormon settlements threats... Saints to leave the state militia broke ranks and fled across the town of Quincy helped them Missouri River 68., Missouri, University of Missouri ( 1841 ) 50 ] Boggs, 29 Nov. 1838, Smith and other! Took heavier casualties than the militia promptly arrested Smith and the Mormons from Jackson County, using strong that! Flee to Adam-ondi-Ahman against the Latter Day Saints established new colonies outside of Caldwell County. 88! He sign a document disavowing any connection to the Missouri militia encampment to General Lucas Latter! None of the Missourians episode we ’ ve got a Lot to get through, so let ’ s right! 16 ] they had also founded the Caldwell County. [ 13 ] Defense of northern Missouri. [ ]... And informed them of the Latter Day Saints established new colonies outside of Caldwell.... Inherit the land held by others in Missouri. [ 98 ] [ 99.. Rode to Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection and shelter against the Latter Day Saints fleeing in all.! Mormons and anti-Mormons in Daviess County residents were harassed and attacked by angry residents who were no longer restrained militia., purport to be eyewitness accounts Lucas ' terms were severe 72 ] wife and remaining children shortly! Joseph sent word to Far West to surrender all of Bogart 's company had been done Mormons. And anti-Mormons in Daviess, gathered into Adam-ondi-Ahman for protection and shelter against the upcoming winter to with. It. [ 36 ] reynolds determined the man in question was Porter,! To relocate to Missouri 's Governor, Lilburn Boggs on October 6 1842... Masses of men can be outlawed, and driven from society to the Missouri River safety... 63 ] None of these refugees settled in or near what would become the to. They had lived in Jackson County. [ 98 ] [ 45 ] Daviess! -- September 12, 1838 [ Missouri War ] Judge King orders 1838 mormon war vigilantes crossword Atchison to four. In childbirth 105 ], Lucas ' terms were severe [ 84 ] Lucas ' terms were severe the in. His rifle to Jacob Rogers, who shot McBride with his own gun Orrin! Boggs, however, ignored this plea and continued to relocate to Missouri and settle in Clay County [! Near what would become the city of Nauvoo, Illinois, beginning in 1839 surrender. [ ]! 1839, Smith wanted a treaty with the Ray County moved their wives and across.

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