It also needs to improve the quality of healthcare available, reduce the number of child marriages and de-stigmatize contraceptive use. This high maternal and child mortality is a multiplier effect of the various anomalies experienced in … Objectives: To determine the incidence and causes of maternal mortality as well as its temporal distribution over the last decade (1990–1999).Study design: All maternal deaths recorded within the study period in the State of Kano, Northern Nigeria, were analyzed. WHO works to contribute to the reduction of maternal mortality by increasing research evidence, providing evidence-based clinical and programmatic guidance, setting global standards, and providing technical support to Member States. The World Health Organizatoin (WHO) says the high number of maternal deaths in some parts of the world reflects inequities in access to health services, and highlights the gap between rich and poor. Improving maternal health is one of WHO’s key priorities. Learn how we are supporting children to reach their full potential. The Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Nigeria was 560 per 100,000 live births in 2013. 25 June 2019, Geneva – Information is essential for change, but in settings where information is not readily available, epidemiological research becomes one of the most powerful sources of information for change. Many interventions have been instituted to reverse the trend and ensure that Nigeria is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goals. CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION 1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY Maternal mortality, also known a maternal death, continues to be the major cause of death among women of reproductive age in many countries and remains a serious public health issue especially in developing countries (WHO 2007). Author G K Oyakhire. This high level of maternal mortality is also linked to Nigeria’s high rate of deaths for children under 5—newborns account for a quarter of the under-five deaths which occur in the country. By comparison, the total number of maternal deaths in 2015 in the 46 most developed countries was 1700, resulting in a maternal mortality ratio of 12 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births. The Nigeria Near-Miss and Maternal Death Survey revealed that intra-hospital quality of care issues, and delays in accessing the adequate level of care play a major part in the occurrence of maternal deaths. The current infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2021 is 57.701 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.5% decline from 2020.; The infant mortality rate for Nigeria in 2020 was 59.181 deaths per 1000 live births, a 2.44% decline from 2019. Government poised to address maternal mortality. A joint report (Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015 by WHO, UNICEF, World Bank and United Nations Population Fund) estimates that Nigeria has approximately 58,000 maternal deaths, accounting for 19% globally. In Nigeria, more than 70 percent of maternal deaths occur due to five major complications: haemorrhage, infection, unsafe abortion, hypertensive disease of pregnancy and obstructed labour. At first glance, it appears that maternal mortality increased between 1983 and 1990, but in reality differences between the two estimates is almost certainly a reflection of the alternative strategies used for estimation (World Health Organization and United Nations Children 's Fund, 1996). Currently, Nigeria has the second highest burden of maternal mortality in the world and contributes about 15 percent of the annual total global deaths which represent two percent of the global population. 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