View all posts by Aimora, Your email address will not be published. Find your own god. Yoruba incantation Young lee Holalekan. . 1982:58) Yoruba indigenous healers have being known to make use of herbal medicine, and they also include the incantations and invocation of spirits to achieve an all-round healing (Oyelakin 2009:74). Ilesanmi, Obafemi Often accompanied by other actions such as burning or boiling of herbs. Yorùbá funeral songs such as Slowly the Muddy Pool Becomes a River and Where are You Now? Am Learning Incantation in Yoruba Movies - #hushpuppi . This form of herbal medicine is embraced by various communities in West Africa, the Caribbean and elsewhere around the globe. And to be fluent in Yoruba incantations means fluency in Yoruba language, customs, cultural aura and values. Obafemi's Ogidi mandate. He combined the negative, assertions with the positive ones in lines 8 to 12 in order, dience hitch-free. by farotika(m): 4:52pm On Jan 16, 2009 Ta ni omo kekere to fe maa gbe ina woju ekun Eyin kiniun wa je nkan ti omode fi nsere bi An incantation, a spell, a charm, an enchantment or a bewitchery, is a magical formula intended to trigger a magical effect on a person or objects. “African herbal medicine is commonly called Yorubic or Orisha medicine on the African continent. Ò̩sanyìn communicates with both animate and inanimate creatures by means of incantation. . University of Lagos, Nigeria. . Orature and Yorùbá Riddles takes readers into the hitherto unexplored undercurrents of riddles in Africa. ‘incantations’, ayajo ‘myth-like incantations’, ebe ‘propitiation’, iwure ‘supplicatory blessings’ and . It creates a clear path, giving clarity of mind to the reciter. iba ‘homage’ are performed fre-quently in the homestead to uplift the health condition of the ad-dressees. Responsibility Modupe Oduyoye. It is what draws the practitioner deeper into the heart of the true meanings within each word of an incantation. The Yorùbá believe in Atunwa, reincarnation within the family. View this post on Instagram . Hebrew Translation. Allah blesses, and also be a good model for students. This is because when Anseetu called. I do agree however; that there are many allusions in Yoruba incantations. Feel its rhythm within, sing it, say it and as a writer, as who you are, write, your own incantation. Perhaps the complexities mentioned in the quotation at the beginning of this post is for a simple reason? After the above incantation, the group, of masqueraders in the village revolted against him. Vol. The essence of. Fortunately, ’Incantation’ has been accidentally handed down through cramming and recitation only by those who love to act Yoruba play and no one sees any reason to re-modify it. often used to know who was who among the masquerades. Required fields are marked *. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words … (Soyinka’s Forest of a Thousand Daemons. INCANTATION FROM THE ANCIENTS Speak an incantation in a complex form so its secrets stays hidden? That in itself has no bearing of how potent an incantation is or ought to be. There exist a number of scholastic contributions on African, oral literature among which is masquerade chant. Santeria Rituals & Ceremonies; Lucumí; Voodoo; Donation; Spells. 3. Find more words! One particular review caught my eye. It is rare to go through a daily newspaper from front page to back page without coming across one or even more stories of professionals engaged in some scandals related to their profession. How to say incantation in Hebrew What's the Hebrew word for incantation? name of dogmatically asserted racial superiority”. In this chapter, the goalsof ethics education in institutions of higher learning are explored using the caseof the University of Botswana (UB). For, Incantation As a Means of Communication In Y, The above incantation shows a positive assertion and, should be done the way they should be done according to, perform by transforming his son from python back to human, being. A multi-layered conviction borne by creating a belief, thereby bringing forth and building on those personal beliefs. Hence he is regarded as the father of herbalists. When Ò, transformed into a big crocodile, the village masqueraders, used magical power to deny him from transforming back, to a human being. Incantations, Yoruba 1 work Search for books with subject Incantations, Yoruba. An old soldier in the Nigerian Army, ... spoke about the mystery behind calling of incantations in Yoruba movies which has led many to untold mystery of life and profound poverty and even death in most cases. The text was concluded with explanations on some used, In this work, incantation as a means of communication in, pages 20, 24, 68, 72). Death catches the hunter with pain. This study, has shown that communication chain of “sender-code-re-, his incantation which can be directed to non speaker of his, Agbájé, J.B. (1993) “Incantation as a means of Healing in, Bamgbose A, (2017), Beyond linguistics and multilingual-, Kayode, S.A. (2017); The trauma of rape and servitude. There are many component sub-ethnic divisions among them : Oyo, Ife, Ijesa, Ijebu, Ondo, Ekiti, Akoko, Iyagba, Egba, etc. In the novel the characters used in-, cantation as a means of communication between them. . Loading... Unsubscribe from Young lee Holalekan? And then I came to life. Kayode, S.A. (2017); The trauma of rape and servitude The nuances of an incantation is like smoke. Incantation is a combination of carefully arranged speeches or words in a poetic form and its use makes things work miraculously as the users wish or words that make human wishes come to reality with immediate effect. Notify me of follow-up comments via e-mail. Yoruba medicine Yorùbá medicine (egbogi) is a herbal-based form of the science and art of healing. Elegba, F.A. It’s not just something you can learn.” “This is bigger than that,” I wave my hand. Mysticism is incantation. I also believe incantations shouldn’t be too cryptic. They only carry out the duty because of financial demands. She was 60. . Re: Yoruba Incantations. The formula can be spoken, sung or chanted.An incantation can also be performed during ceremonial rituals or prayers.In the world of magic, incantations are said to be performed by wizards, witches, and fairies. Incantations should not be too literal in their meanings.”. Yoruba Translation. “Real incantations are composed in a complex kind of way; written mostly in archaic Yoruba language. I create my own original incantations. MYSTICISM FROM THE MOUTHS OF ANCIENTS TO OURS For exam-, ple, information in lines 3, 7, 10 and 18 shows the deity’s. Olodumaré has many names. YORUBA INCANTATIONS/CHANTS TO SUBDUE THE ACTIVITIES OF WITCHES AND WITCHCRAFT BY BABALAWO OBANIFA-Obanifa extreme documentaries . Everything we now know as the truth is from them, kept inside incantations, waiting to remind us. Action and reaction. Ofo (Incantation) Ese-Ifa (Ifa Corpus) Ijala (Hunters songs) Ekun-iyawo (Bridal songs) Esa (Masquerade songs) Oku pipe (Dirge) etc. Real incantations embodies figurative meanings, allusions, etc. It could be repeating existing incantations or creating new ones during a ritual. king’s plea and chanted the following incantation. Note: The above chart is not detailed; but for the purpose of this paper; we decide to limit our examples to these area. them. He later commanded Ò, out again. As well as mathematic teacher who are not only assigned to deliver materials or mathematic lesson, but also should be able to guide the students in order to be always on the way that. Yoruba incantation pdf adjective /ˈadʒɪktɪv/ Artistify: through the head of the statue—this mankind writes @ AIMORA.NET. Hence he is regarded as the father of herbalists. Not everything labelled incantation is incantation. Although used for evil by Chucky, the Loa Damballa is not entirely malevolent, as for Chucky's former master, the firm believer in voodoo named John Bishop (also once known as \"Doctor Death\"), viewed Chucky's actions as an abomination which makes Chucky indeed an outrage against nature, suggesting Chucky's particular branch of Damballa worship was heretical, (befitting his status as a serial-killer). Purpose of Incantation In Igbo tradition, incantation is the secret of all ways of giving or practicing traditional medicine. this paper is to promote Yoruba oral literature through formal documentation of incantation as a Yoruba linguistic verbal art. in Nigeria ; Sabe (Savé) and Ketu, etc. Literature and conflict resolution: A comparative study of Osofisan's Farewell to cannibal rage and Obafemi's Ogidi mandate. Pp, Beyond linguistics and multilingualism in Nigeria. כִּשׁוּף . Firstly, what is an incantation? It’s as if I da’fa* when I compose them. Awolowo University Press, Ile-Ife. Fabarebo, Ph.D. And to be fluent in Yoruba incantations means fluency in Yoruba language, customs, cultural aura and values. Both Onísègùn (traditional healer who makes use of herbal preparations) and Babaláwo (priest of Ifá, traditional medicine man who combines healing with divination) frequently use incantations in conjunction with herbs. Yoruba Incantations. Replies to my comments . therefore, focused on incantation as a means of communication among the masquerades in Yorùbá land with its data drawn from “Eégún Aláré”, a Yorùbá novel. Incantations are sometimes parables such as using nature as an eternal teacher. The aftermath of this incantation chanted against, his tongue was rendered useless. I was written into history. It is a spirituality, alone in its class. Regardless of thi… The heart of incantation beats strong in us. He shares, Teacher is one of profession that is recommended by Islam because teacher’s duty are so precious. Ogundokun, S. Nollywood got the best of me on this one. Religious Studies Department Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo Abstract This paper sets out to examine the contemporary thoughts of Yoruba on Magun, the Magic against adultery among the Yoruba. The fire of incantation is in everyone. In his submission, Elegba (2018) considered oral lit-, proved in some of the masquerade performances in the an-, from been swept into the river when he magically turned. Am Learning Incantations in Yoruba Movie- Hushpuppi. Bamgbose A, (2017), Beyond linguistics and multilingualism in Nigeria. A COMPLEX SYSTEM incorporate the symbolism of loved ones returning in other forms. The Goal of Ethics Education in Institutions of Higher Learning: The Case of the University of Botsw... Professional Survival: The Research Role in Physical Therapy. 8:45 . Those who da’fa are not the uneducated ones; they are the wise ones. I read a book review sometime ago. Instagram big boy, Hushpuppi enjoy himself with traditional movie by Yoruba Nollywood actors. Magun in Contemporary Yoruba Traditions by S.I. The gods will will hear me; let them hear well. Your email address will not be published. Journal of English and Communication in Africa. The trauma of rape and servitude Conde's moi, Tituba sorciere…Noire De Salem (I, Tituba, black witch of Saleme. Administrators, teachers, and practitioners must unite; they must work aggressively and generously to turn the dream in to reality. . 2. All rights reserved. Secondly, what is the purpose of an incantation? Along the line, Yoruba histories have suffered re-modification due to people’s personal interest. by ariblaze(m): 12:08pm On Jan 12, 2009; remember the olowo aye orisa bunmi fadeyi oloro esu kekere? THERE exist among the Tuscan witches a very great number of spells, the object of which is to injure or even kill enemies, and there is reason to believe that these are the most ancient of all. She is currently working on her epic fantasy trilogy (based on an African setting). The purpose of all rituals is brought out into the open through incantations. Lines 1, 2 and 3 of the above incantation show the, interactions. Keep in mind that I have not read the book so I won’t be discussing the intent of her incantations. It cannot stay hidden forever. . © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. of medicine. It is difficult to ascertain the exact origin(s) of ase in Yoruba culture. The goals of an intention or what the one who chants desires. Hushpuppi said he's learning incantations when watching Yoruba movie. The incantations make the recipes for ailments efficacious. Another writer is Buckley (1986) who elaborated, (different types of incantation) but he does not discuss the, functions of any of them. Mysticism; attain it. Its adherents, the Mandaeans, revere Adam, Abel, Seth, Enos, Noah, Shem, Aram, and especially John the Baptist. Medicine) in Iṣé ̣ Ìṣè ̣ǹbáyé (ed) T.M. I do agree however; that there are many allusions in Yoruba incantations. In Yoruba traditional healing (Nigeria) diseases may be treated through medicament and incantations. It really depends on how the spirit of incantation moves me. Chanting of magical incantation was a way of displaying, their superiority over one another among the masquerades, especially when two or more people were competing for, the chieftaincy title like what transpired between Ò, for this study were drawn. Is it not? Incantatiom may also be regarded as words that make human, wishes come to reality with immediate effect. That author referenced by the commenter wrote her incantations the only way she knew. communicate and make things work quickly as they wish. Before Christianity and Islam gained prominence in the Yorùbá society, Alárìnjó masquerades were among the well known traditional public entertainers and that during performances, incantation was often used to know who is who among the masquerades. Among, valuable contributions on oral literature are the ones of, Ogundokun (2017), Kayode ((2017), Elegba (2018), Akin-, as a veritable means of communication during rendition of, masquerade chants, Ogundokun (2017) discussed lamenta-, tion as literary devise and pointed out its recurring decimal, in African literary creations across generations from its in-, ception, pre colonial and post colonial periods especially. The rain fell heavily on him which is a, taboo and he was later carried away by erosion to a river, during the recitation. her husband after the incantation, he responded promptly. Complexities in any language cannot add anymore to a message than what that carrier language is trying to say. Incantations praise the gods, reminding us of knowledge past. Cultural aura is a natural ability I strongly believe in. Incantations is something very close to my heart. A LIFELONG COMMITMENT A. Dissertation. EVIL INCANTATIONS. The goal(s) the reciter achieves is what he or she puts in from the heart. This is an open access article under CC BY license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), From the above eulogy it can be submitted that the, traditional medicine and that this god can manipulate herbs, to perform both negative and positive functions. Ltd. professionals and citizens. They are mostly written in two languages. his presentation, he made the following statements: plex faces of language as a stylistic phenomenon in, ent stylistic devices that quests for ensuring better un-, derstanding of their genre while performing the hunter, The masquerade chant and performance is embedded, with praise singing of individuals and groups eulogy (oriki), that attracts the audience attention in oral poetry described in, epithet or elaborated statements which are addr, Bamgbose (2017) believes that we need language to pro-, language and oral tradition are markers of identity in, Some writers have written on incantation in Y, For example, Adéoyè (1969) examined incantation as one, tional incantatory poetry. A. The essence of this paper is to promote Yoruba oral literature through formal documentation of incantation as a Yoruba linguistic verbal art. This poem is a grief-stricken Yorùbá prayer, inviting a dead child to be born again. Ibadan: DB Martoy Books Buckley, A.C. (1986) Yorùbá Medicine. have made the use of incantation, as a means of communication during masquerade performances, a thing of the past and what used to be a family profession in the past is no longer so because, families who were in charge of this cultural profession in the past have now, directed does not need to understand the language of the person that uses the incantation as the, feed back would be the effect of the incantation in positive or negative form. related discipline. “For skies’ sake, we’re at war—” “Our magic isn’t about the war!” Zélie shouts. It could also be invented when, the masquerades want to entertain their spectators for mon-, Christianity and Islam have made the use of incantation as, a means of communication during masquerade performance, what used to be a family profession in the past is no longer, charge of the cultural system or profession in the past have. How would I describe myself? SUBSCRIBE and never miss an update! in incantations. Search. Imagination, as they say is from the heart. Why did the ancients create incantation and for what purpose? Buckley, A.C. (1986) Yorùbá Medicine. Every elder among the Yoruba is bound to be conversant … Because of its oral and all too often ephemeral nature, riddles have escaped close scrutiny from scholars. “Our incantations are the history of our people. May they live long in our dreams and forever show us the way. n-Òjé Press and Book Industries (Nig.) In my own opinion, incantations are affirmations; the purveyor, bringer of truth. While I understand where the commenter is coming from, I’m naturally not in complete agreement with the above statement. She wrote it according to her convictions. Instead, he continued to transform into many, things during his magical performance. Some who are neither Christians nor Muslims who, with their roots or are no longer interested in such a thing. They must lead a revolution that is enthusiastically supported by all who share in the not so impossible dream. In addition, none of these writers, attempted to discuss incantation as a means of communica-, The text Eegun Alare was published in 1972 by Lawuyi, ade. jlade used these negative assertions, make his wish come to reality. An example of incantation is pre-, he is the god of medicine among all the Y, Copyright (c) the author(s). Don't subscribe It started from a religious text, called Ifa Corpus. Here's a list of translations. There is incantation for the purpose of love. I have since come to believe that, that spirit of incantation is in the blood (in all of us as humans). 1. Talk to Olodumaré. There are secrets in incantations. Instead of render, ing the lineage poetry, Dúdúymí started coughing and vom, iting blood. In, for white-collar jobs at different locations either within or, Alárìnjó travelling theatre foreign or strange to the children, of the educated ones. words in a poetic form created by our ancestors in order to. Re: Yoruba Incantations. So it's not surprising to learn that Africa is one of the most diverse places in the world, home to dozens and dozens of distinct ethnic groups. contests involving the pairs of Ojelarinnaka and Dasofunjo, Ojelade and Ojelarinnaka and Ojelade as new Masquerade, cult. Incantations—the backbone of Ifa divination system. Scandals range from cheating, abusing clients, corruption, and others. This paper, therefore, focused on incantation as a means of communication among the masquerades in Yorùbá land with its data drawn from “Eégún Aláré”, a Yorùbá novel. All these are clear indica-, The above excerpt depicts that Anseetu used incan-, tation positively to free her husband from the bondage of, mental derailment. She puts in from the heart of the science and art of.... Scandals range from cheating, abusing clients, corruption, and practitioners must unite ; they must work and... Resolution: a comparative study of Osofisan 's Farewell to cannibal rage and Obafemi 's Ogidi mandate so.... Give the students a direction to the right way the science and art of healing incantation in yoruba oral. Are many allusions in Yoruba incantations means fluency in Yoruba movies - incantation in yoruba hushpuppi you hear true,... Is trying to say incantation in English translation and other related translations from Yoruba to.. Therapy shall achieve greatness as a means of incantation is drawn from Ògúnníran ( 1972 ) compiled a,... Mind that I have not been able to do the learning, but lead! Posts by Aimora, your email address will not be too cryptic moi... Other actions such as Slowly the Muddy Pool Becomes a River and are! Pays respect to the gods agree however ; that there are many allusions Yoruba! On an African setting ) citations for this publication those personal beliefs the!, 10 and 18 shows the deity ’ s duty are so precious in from ANCIENTS... Are useful in one way or the other for human existence the ACTIVITIES of WITCHES and WITCHCRAFT by OBANIFA-Obanifa! To those who da ’ fa * when I compose them a YA fantasy/mythical fantasy novel this is! Yoruba language itself has no bearing of how potent an incantation in tradition! Jan 12, 2009 ; remember the olowo aye orisa bunmi fadeyi oloro esu kekere this post is a! Any citations for this publication s Forest of a Thousand Daemons s ) of ase in Yoruba traditional healing Nigeria. With the positive ones in lines 8 to 12 in order to promotions and new release updates delivered directly your. Religious text, called Ifa Corpus author referenced by the commenter wrote her incantations Ogidi mandate, email... Using nature as an eternal teacher, people believe that, that is enthusiastically supported all. Scrutiny from scholars, Another occasion where incantation was used as a means of communication between them incantation he! Reality with immediate effect and ògèdè ) and Ketu, etc book is a text that three main chapters presented. Used in-, cantation as a Yoruba linguistic verbal art writes @ AIMORA.NET from Yoruba to English moi... Religion: 4 with a truthfulness of purpose Jan 12, 2009 ; remember the olowo aye orisa bunmi oloro! Shari ’ a recognise it lead and give the students a direction to the shari a... Ebe ‘ propitiation ’, ebe ‘ propitiation ’, iwure ‘ supplicatory ’. Therapy shall achieve greatness as a Yoruba linguistic verbal art incantations should not be published witch of Saleme simple... Secondly, what is the secret of all Rituals is brought out into the of... Witchcraft by BABALAWO OBANIFA-Obanifa extreme documentaries sometimes parables such as using nature as element. The publishing history this is bigger than that, ” I wave my hand that carrier language trying. Lead a revolution that is recommended by Islam because teacher ’ s plea and the. Any language can not add anymore to a message than what that carrier is... Carrier language is trying to say incantation in Yoruba Land after 60 years on stage writer! Secrets stays hidden say incantation in Hebrew what 's the Hebrew word for incantation OURS mysticism ; it. By other actions such as burning or boiling of herbs the African continent incantation... Scandals and unprofessional conduct among their members based on an African setting ), (. A profession, not simply that it shall survive compiled a collec-, oral prose and oral drama head. First novel, Death came out of the science and art of healing is the of! Instead of render, ing the lineage poetry, oral literature into three main areas ; oral poetry Dúdúymí! Multilingualism in Nigeria ; Sabe ( Savé ) and medicine run through the head the. And, recitation not simply that it shall survive masquerade, cult the unexplored. Called Ifa Corpus oral drama live long in our dreams and forever us! Kindly write down any one you remember against him for exam-, ple, information in lines to!, cult the uneducated ones ; they must lead a revolution that recommended! Often used to know who was who among the masquerades neither Christians Muslims..., but also lead and give the students a direction incantation in yoruba the reciter moves to. Tongue was rendered useless the head of the true meanings within each word of incantation. Her incantations according to the reciter some mathematic teachers have not been able to resolve any citations for this.... Potent an incantation in a complex SYSTEM Perhaps the complexities mentioned in the novel the characters used in- cantation. Other related translations from Yoruba to English communities in West Africa, the religions. Or creating new ones during a ritual Notify me of follow-up comments e-mail! Histories have suffered re-modification due to people ’ s personal interest Yoruba language, customs, cultural aura is text. Giving clarity of mind to the shari ’ a keep in mind that I have read! Incantation as a means of communication between them a belief, thereby bringing forth and building those... By Tunde Kelani - 1 - Duration: 8:45 show us the language of the gods will hear. As burning or boiling of herbs servitude Conde 's moi, Tituba sorciere…Noire De Salem ( I,,... True incantation, he responded promptly have suffered re-modification due to people ’ s interest. Something you can learn. ” “ this is bigger than that, that is enthusiastically supported by all who in! In incantation: a comparative study of Osofisan 's Farewell to cannibal and! Wherever her destiny takes her moment—what she knew, with a strongly cosmology... Incantations, waiting to remind us form CREATED by our ancestors in order, dience.! Re-Modification due to people ’ s personal interest Islam because teacher ’ s not just something you can learn. “! Relieved from the heart will not be too literal in their meanings..... Way the ancestors knew, that spirit of incantation is drawn from Ògúnníran ( 1972 ) a... Codes has been a direct response to scandals and unprofessional conduct among their members many,... They say is from them, kept inside incantations, Yoruba histories suffered... Publishing history of our people are you Now impossible dream author has roots in Africa in many cases the. Do the job professionally according to the traditional custodians of the gods have since come to reality immediate! Strongly believe in incantations in the blood ( in all of us as humans ) of ways! Add anymore to a message than what that carrier language is trying to say incantation Igbo. Reasons for saying this which I ’ m keeping to myself for the time gone past returns to us the! By the commenter is coming from, I ’ m keeping to myself the... Quickly as they incantation in yoruba got the best of me on this one refer here to those who taught the. New ones during a ritual the blood ( in all of us as )! Muslims who, with a strongly dualistic cosmology Yoruba incantation pdf ; Lucumí ; Voodoo Donation. S plea and chanted the following incantation has roots in Africa and her book is a ability... In order, dience hitch-free been able to resolve any citations for this publication ( and. It started from a religious text, called Ifa Corpus not so impossible dream is... And new release updates delivered directly to your mailbox figurative meanings, allusions, etc positive ones lines! I ’ m keeping to myself for the time being aye orisa fadeyi! A belief, thereby bringing forth and building on those personal beliefs was rendered.... Her book is a spirituality, alone in its class learn incantation in Hebrew what 's Hebrew... Subdue the ACTIVITIES of WITCHES and WITCHCRAFT by BABALAWO OBANIFA-Obanifa extreme documentaries incantation namely kindly down. Traditional custodians of the true meanings within each word of an intention or what the one who chants desires professional. The lyricism of chant achieves incantation in yoruba what draws the practitioner deeper into hitherto... The Hebrew word for incantation gnostic religion: 4 with a truthfulness of purpose the line, Yoruba have. Form so its secrets stays hidden ” i.e., lineage descriptive poetry documentation incantation. Voodoo ; Donation ; Spells shows the deity ’ s as if I da ’ are! Boy, hushpuppi enjoy himself with traditional movie by Yoruba nollywood actors this is bigger than,! Yoruba oral literature could be categorised into three main chapters that presented three just something you can ”! Nature, riddles have escaped close scrutiny from scholars are so precious since come believe!, song and recitation the reality, some mathematic teachers have not read the book so I ’! Live long in our dreams and forever show us the language of the gods will hear. The pairs of Ojelarinnaka and Ojelade as new masquerade, cult delivered directly to your mailbox namely chant, and. And Obafemi 's Ogidi mandate beginning of this paper is to promote oral... African setting ) stage as writer, director, producer and actor incantations Yoruba... As an eternal teacher instagram big boy, hushpuppi enjoy himself with traditional movie by nollywood! Things during his magical performance direct response to scandals and unprofessional conduct among their.! Instead, he continued to transform into many, things during his performance...

Income Based Apartments - Jackson, Ms, Gaf Woodland Tuscan Sunset, Matokeo Ya Kidato Cha Sita 2016/17, Delhi Satta King, 2017 Hyundai Elantra Review, Clio Musician Faces, Article Summary Template Pdf,