The Lord also overwhelmed all the beautiful things of Israel, and threw down all his strongholds. And those who placed him on the pyre were not permitted to desist until, after such sufferings, he should assent to the things commanded. On this account he commanded his subjects to cease persecuting the Christians, pretending to religion that he might appear merciful and mild beyond his predecessors. of the edition of Eusebius in Die griechischen christlichen Schriftsteller der erstern drei Jahrhunderte, published by the Berlin Academy. Op zoek naar artikelen van Eusebius? But he did not prove in his deeds to be such a person as was hoped, but ran into all wickedness and abstained from no impurity or licentiousness, committing adulteries and indulging in all kinds of corruption. 6. Others being bound to the branches and trunks of trees perished. ... Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. This they did because all the inhabitants of the city, and the curator himself, and the governor, with all who held office, and the entire populace, confessed themselves Christians, and would not in the least obey those who commanded them to worship idols. Download books for free. It was shortly after 313 that Eusebius became a bishop, as it was, for the most part, after 313 that his works were actually composed. As if the earth could not bear such excellence, the worshipers of demons commanded to cast them into the sea. From this time on he distressed and harassed, not one city or country, but all the provinces under his authority, by extreme exactions of gold and silver and goods, and most grievous prosecutions and various fines. Much of our knowledge of the first three centuries of Christianity comes from Eusebius, the first great historian of the Christian faith. Although they received the highest honors from their masters, and were treated by them as their own children, they esteemed reproaches and trials for religion, and the many forms of death that were invented against them, as, in truth, greater riches than the glory and luxury of this life. The book was published in multiple languages including English, consists of 416 pages and is available in Hardcover format. He therefore punished her with exile, and took away all her property. 1 and 2, below. He neither threw down the church buildings, nor did he devise anything else against us. These indeed were wonderful; but yet more wonderful were those who, being distinguished for wealth, noble birth, and honor, and for learning and philosophy, held everything secondary to the true religion and to faith in our Saviour and Lord Jesus Christ. Others passed through different conflicts. But we shall introduce into this history in general only those events which may be usefull first to ourselves and afterwards to posterity. pers. A certain holy person, — in soul admirable for virtue, in body a woman — who was illustrious beyond all in Antioch for wealth and family and reputation, had brought up in the principles of religion her two daughters, who were now in the freshness and bloom of life. 1. Why need we mention the rest by name, or number the multitude of the men, or picture the various sufferings of the admirable martyrs of Christ? The original Latin is found in Lactantius' De mort. It is beyond our ability to describe in a suitable manner the extent and nature of the glory and freedom with which the word of piety toward the God of the universe, proclaimed to the world through Christ, was honored among all men, both Greeks and barbarians, before the persecution in our day. 5. Besides all this he excelled in deeds of piety and in the confession of the Christ of God, and was adorned with the diadem of martyrdom. 2. 1. Maxentius his son, who obtained the government at Rome, at first feigned our faith, in complaisance and flattery toward the Roman people. As will be seen from note 3, below, I interpret the document in quite another way, and regard it as a not inconsistent statement of the whole matter from Galerius' own point of view.}-->. 8. Others endured on their bowels and privy members shameful and inhuman and unmentionable torments, which the noble and law-observing judges, to show their severity, devised, as more honorable manifestations of wisdom. Click anywhere in the For it is said, 'He that sacrifices to other gods shall be utterly destroyed,' Exodus 22:20 and, 'You shall have no other gods before me.' 1. 6. 6. Such an one was Philoromus, who held a high office under the imperial government at Alexandria, and who administered justice every day, attended by a military guard corresponding to his rank and Roman dignity. For he could not pass through a city without continually corrupting women and ravishing virgins. THE text of the Historia Ecclesiastica of Eusebius in the following pages is that of E. Schwartz in volumes i. and ii. As he scorned these agonies, a gridiron and fire were brought forward. of Part II. When the woman saw herself and her daughters thus helpless, and knew the things terrible to speak of that men would do to them — and the most unbearable of all terrible things, the threatened violation of their chastity, — she exhorted herself and the maidens that they ought not to submit even to hear of this. He has shortened the days of his time, and besides all, has poured out shame upon him. He suffered no one to surpass him in debauchery and profligacy, but made himself an instructor in wickedness to those about him, both rulers and subjects. These things grieved Maximinus greatly, for until that time he had been entitled by all only Cæsar. Some, raised on high by the feet, with their heads down, while a gentle fire burned beneath them, were suffocated by the smoke which arose from the burning wood, as was done in Mesopotamia. At Nicomedia, in the presence of the emperor, he proclaimed the heavenly kingdom of Christ, first in an oral defense, and afterwards by deeds as well. Eusebius chronicles the events of the first three centuries of the Christian church in such a way as to record a vast number of vital facts about early Christianity that can be learned from no other ancient source. A vast multitude were imprisoned in every place; and the prisons everywhere, which had long before been prepared for murderers and robbers of graves, were filled with bishops, presbyters and deacons, readers and exorcists, so that room was no longer left in them for those condemned for crimes. Wherefore we have decided to relate nothing concerning them except the things in which we can vindicate the Divine judgment. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. They then listened to her advice. But he has deprived him of purification, and has cast his throne to the ground. In the mean time he whom we have mentioned as having resumed his dignity after his abdication, being detected in conspiring against the life of Constantine, perished by a most shameful death. Book Ten and as early as 313, while Book Ten could have been written as late at 316. It is not for us to describe the conflicts of those who suffered for the divine religion throughout the entire world, and to relate accurately what happened to each of them. But not long after, other decrees were issued, commanding that all the rulers of the churches in every place be first thrown into prison, and afterwards by every artifice be compelled to sacrifice. 10. Synopsis : Eusebius the Church History written by Eusebius (of Caesarea, Bishop of Caesarea), published by Kregel Academic which was released on 09 January 1999. 2. 18. 4. Translated by Arthur Cushman McGiffert. Of the martyrs in Palestine, Silvanus, bishop of the churches about Gaza, was beheaded with thirty-nine others at the copper mines of Phæno. He entered on the government at once, being proclaimed supreme emperor and Augustus by the soldiers; 5. and he showed himself an emulator of his father's piety toward our doctrine. For he supposed that the others could be taken easily if he should first attack and subdue these. For having separated wives from their lawful consorts, he abused them and sent them back most dishonorably to their husbands. You could have seen a youth not twenty years of age standing unbound and stretching out his hands in the form of a cross, with unterrified and untrembling mind, engaged earnestly in prayer to God, and not in the least going back or retreating from the place where he stood, while bears and leopards, breathing rage and death, almost touched his flesh. 3. Moreover, he conducted himself toward all most favorably and beneficently. 3. Since great envy was excited on their account, every means was used to find them in their concealment; and when it was ascertained that they were away, they were summoned deceitfully to Antioch. J.E.L. Such were the deaths of the four of whom we have written, which took place at different times. And although the guards vied with each other in threatening them in all sorts of ways, not in words only, but in actions, they did not give up their resolution; because 'perfect love casts out fear.' Since we have mentioned Phileas as having a high reputation for secular learning, let him be his own witness in the following extract, in which he shows us who he was, and at the same time describes more accurately than we can the martyrdoms which occurred in his time at Alexandria: 2. We were present ourselves when these things occurred, and have put on record the divine power of our martyred Saviour Jesus Christ, which was present and manifested itself mightily in the martyrs. 4. And since many continue in the same folly, and we perceive that they neither offer to the heavenly gods the worship which is due, nor pay regard to the God of the Christians, in consideration of our philanthropy and our invariable custom, by which we are wont to extend pardon to all, we have determined that we ought most cheerfully to extend our indulgence in this matter also; that they may again be Christians, and may rebuild the conventicles in which they were accustomed to assemble, on condition that nothing be done by them contrary to discipline. For as they despised death, they cared nothing for his power. And when they were dragged away for corrupt purposes, they surrendered their lives to death rather than their bodies to impurity. But he held his purpose firmly, and victoriously gave up his life while the tortures were still going on. 3. But in the tenth year, through the grace of God, it ceased altogether, having begun to decrease after the eighth year. And the spectacle of the outrages was varied and exhibited great malignity. Throwing fire into it, they consumed them with the women and children while they were calling upon Christ. Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight. He appointed idol priests in every place and city; and he set over them in every province, as high priest, some political official who had especially distinguished himself in every kind of service, giving him a band of soldiers and a bodyguard. For he said that they were not to have the least concern for us, but were to think and act as if we no longer existed, our enemies having invented this second mode of torture in addition to the stripes. 2. Philippians 2:6-8, 3. The exact date of our author’s birth is unknown to us, but his Ecclesiastical History Ecclesiastical Writers CHAPTER 9. the ecclesiastical history Book 1 Book 2 Book 3 Book 4 Book 5 Book 6 Book 7 Book 8 Book 9 Book 10 Appendix A. For the men endured fire and sword and crucifixion and wild beasts and the depths of the sea, and cutting off of limbs, and burnings, and pricking and digging out of eyes, and mutilations of the entire body, and besides these, hunger and mines and bonds. For as soon as sentence was pronounced against the first, one after another rushed to the judgment seat, and confessed themselves Christians. 1. 1. 7. Or of others who preferred to thrust their right hand into the fire rather than touch the impious sacrifice? Of those after them, the last, of whom we have spoken as the originator of the entire persecution, suffered such things as we have related. 2. As this went on, some died under the tortures, shaming the adversary by their constancy. book 1 book 2 book 3 book 4 book 5 book 6 book 7 book 8 book 9 book 10. chapter: ... Eusebius, The Ecclesiastical History, Vol 1-2. The body of one was scourged with rods. Besides all these, others encountered other trials, which it is impossible to recount; for their manly endurance surpasses all description. And those esteemed our shepherds, casting aside the bond of piety, were excited to conflicts with one another, and did nothing else than heap up strifes and threats and jealousy and enmity and hatred toward each other, like tyrants eagerly endeavoring to assert their power. Finally, after these terrible and various attacks upon them, they were all slain with the sword; and instead of being buried in the earth they were committed to the waves of the sea. . Hence we shall not mention those who were shaken by the persecution, nor those who in everything pertaining to salvation were shipwrecked, and by their own will were sunk in the depths of the flood. Home > Fathers of the Church > Church History (Eusebius) > Book V. Church History (Book V) ... Apollonius also, an ecclesiastical writer, undertook its refutation, and wrote a special work against it, correcting in detail the false prophecies current among them and reproving the life of … Thus they destroyed themselves. The edict is an acknowledgment of defeat on Galerius' part, and was undoubtedly caused in large part by a superstitious desire, brought on by his sickness, to propitiate the God of the Christians whom he had been unable to conquer. And one and another of them occasionally received in exchange, for their pious constancy, not only the loss of position, but death. When also, according to another prophetic word, Contempt was poured out upon rulers, and he caused them to wander in an untrodden and pathless way. Neither, although they kept quiet, and bore the bitter servitude, was there any relief from the murderous cruelty of the tyrant. For some, with their hands bound behind them, were suspended on the stocks, and every member stretched by certain machines. Who that saw them was not astonished at the numberless stripes, and at the firmness which these truly wonderful athletes of religion exhibited under them? Eusebius gives a Greek translation of the edict. Another was punished with insupportable rackings and scrapings, in which some suffered a miserable death. For the sea could not be navigated, nor could men sail from any port without being exposed to all kinds of outrages; being stretched on the rack and lacerated in their sides, that it might be ascertained through various tortures, whether they came from the enemy; and finally being subjected to punishment by the cross or by fire. 1. J.E.L. He urged on the army to live wantonly in every kind of revelry and intemperance, and encouraged the governors and generals to abuse their subjects with rapacity and covetousness, almost as if they were rulers with him. 8. All ten books of Eusebius' famous church history are presented here complete in a superb and authoritative translation. But in the present book I will add to what I have given the revocation issued by our persecutors, and those events that occurred at the beginning of the persecution, which will be most profitable to such as shall read them. 10. Among these we must mention Pamphilus, a presbyter, who was the great glory of the parish of Cæsarea, and among the men of our time most admirable. And after arranging their garments suitably, they went aside from the middle of the road, having requested of the guards a little time for retirement, and cast themselves into a river which was flowing by. Eusebius of Caesarea ~ 340 AD CHURCH HISTORY :Index. Hide browse bar Becoming exceedingly timid and superstitious, he valued greatly the error of idols and demons. An indescribable multitude of worms sprang from them, and a deathly odor arose, as the entire bulk of his body had, through his gluttony, been changed, before his sickness, into an excessive mass of soft fat, which became putrid, and thus presented an awful and intolerable sight to those who came near. And one could see the rulers in every church accorded the greatest favor by all officers and governors. Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History: The Ten Books of Christian Church History, Complete and Unabridged. But Maximinus, the tyrant in the East, having secretly formed a friendly alliance with the Roman tyrant as with a brother in wickedness, sought to conceal it for a long time. He was then commanded to sacrifice, but as he refused, he was ordered to be stripped and raised on high and beaten with rods over his entire body, until, being conquered, he should, even against his will, do what was commanded. But he who preceded him, the most merciful and kindly emperor Constantius, passed all the time of his government in a manner worthy of his office. 2. Such an one was he. It was in the nineteenth year of the reign of Diocletian, in the month Dystrus, called March by the Romans, when the feast of the Saviour's passion was near at hand, that royal edicts were published everywhere, commanding that the churches be leveled to the ground and the Scriptures be destroyed by fire, and ordering that those who held places of honor be degraded, and that the household servants, if they persisted in the profession of Christianity, be deprived of freedom. Includes the Catholic Encyclopedia, Church Fathers, Summa, Bible and more — all for only $19.99... As we have described in seven books the events from the time of the apostles, we think it proper in this eighth book to record for the information of posterity a few of the most important occurrences of our own times, which are worthy of permanent record. The end of his life was honorable and thrice blessed. During the entire ten years of the persecution, they were constantly plotting and warring against one another. 3. From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. Why need I speak of those in the royal palaces, and of the rulers over all, who allowed the members of their households, wives and children and servants, to speak openly before them for the Divine word and life, and suffered them almost to boast of the freedom of their faith? But as yet the instigator of this plot proceeded with moderation, and ventured so far as blood only in some instances; for the multitude of believers, as it is likely, made him afraid, and deterred him from waging war at once against all. His son Constantine entered on the government at once, being proclaimed supreme emperor and Augustus by the soldiers, and long before by God himself, the King of all. 3. What words could sufficiently describe the greatness and abundance of the prosperity of the Roman government before the war against us, while the rulers were friendly and peaceable toward us? For they said that it was not fitting that the cities should be polluted with the blood of their own people, or that the government of their rulers, which was kind and mild toward all, should be defamed through excessive cruelty; but that rather the beneficence of the humane and royal authority should be extended to all, and we should no longer be put to death. 5. 6. Such was the first edict against us. The Emperor Cæsar Galerius Valerius Maximinus, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, conqueror of the Germans, conqueror of the Egyptians, conqueror of the Thebans, five times conqueror of the Sarmatians, conqueror of the Persians, twice conqueror of the Carpathians, six times conqueror of the Armenians, conqueror of the Medes, conqueror of the Adiabeni, Tribune of the people the twentieth time, Emperor the nineteenth time, Consul the eighth time, Father of his country, Proconsul; 4. and the Emperor Cæsar Flavius Valerius Constantinus, Pius, Felix, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, Tribune of the people, Emperor the fifth time, Consul, Father of his country, Proconsul; 5. and the Emperor Cæsar Valerius Licinius, Pius, Felix, Invictus, Augustus, Pontifex Maximus, Tribune of the people the fourth time, Emperor the third time, Consul, Father of his country, Proconsul; to the people of their provinces, greeting: simplest explanation is that he did not wish to have his name appear in a document which was utterly distasteful to him and which he never fully sanctioned, as we learn from Bk. Our account will begin at this point. But it is not our place to describe the sad misfortunes which finally came upon them, as we do not think it proper, moreover, to record their divisions and unnatural conduct to each other before the persecution. For they drew the stoutest branches together with machines, and bound the limbs of the martyrs to them; and then, allowing the branches to assume their natural position, they tore asunder instantly the limbs of those for whom they contrived this. CONTENTS Introduction 9 Book 1 THE PERSON AND WORK OF CHRIST 21 Commentary: Eusebius on Jesus 49 Book 2 THE APOSTLES 52 Commentary: Eusebius on the Apostles 77 Book 3 MISSIONS AND PERSECUTIONS 80 Commentary: Eusebius’s Sources 115 Book 4 BISHOPS, WRITINGS, AND MARTYRDOMS 118 Commentary: Defenders and Defamers of the Faith 147 Book 5 WESTERN … Others were bound face to face to pillars, not resting on their feet, but with the weight of their bodies bearing on their bonds and drawing them tightly. And the remnants of his body, like flesh intended for eating, were placed on the fire, not at once, lest he should expire instantly, but a little at a time. Others half dead were shut up in prison, and suffering with their agonies, they died in a few days; but the rest, recovering under the care which they received, gained confidence by time and their long detention in prison. Honorable on account of wealth and family and education, she esteemed all of these inferior to chastity. Now the correct date for the war of Cibalae was first propounded by P. Bruun in 1953,4 and five years later C. Habicht, when strengthening Bruun's arguments, adumbrated the consequences for Eusebius' Ecclesiastical History, though he But with manly and philosophic minds, or rather with pious and God-loving souls, they persevered against all the threats and insults of the judge; and both of them were beheaded. Nor could any evil demon slander them or hinder them through human counsels, so long as the divine and heavenly hand watched over and guarded his own people as worthy. Putnam's Press; Harvard University Press. Therefore it was commanded that our eyes should be put out, and that we should be maimed in one of our limbs. But at the close of these calamities, when finally they could contrive no greater cruelties, and were weary of putting to death, and were filled and satiated with the shedding of blood, they turned to what they considered merciful and humane treatment, so that they seemed to be no longer devising terrible things against us. And he commanded to cast them into chains without mercy, and afterwards when they were at the last gasp to throw them to the ground and drag them away. Scarcely had he done this when the entire empire was divided; a thing which is not recorded as having ever occurred before. It was wonderful how akin he was in wickedness to the tyrant at Rome, or rather how far he surpassed him in it. And they endured this, not merely as long as the governor talked with them or was at leisure, but through almost the entire day. 34. It is impossible to tell the ways in which this tyrant at Rome oppressed his subjects, so that they were reduced to such an extreme dearth of the necessities of life as has never been known, according to our contemporaries, either at Rome or elsewhere. 1 John 4:18. 8. Then truly a great many rulers of the churches eagerly endured terrible sufferings, and furnished examples of noble conflicts. ... Ecclesiastical History, Volume I: Books 1-5. Who is there that would hesitate, after careful examination, to pronounce the persecution against us the cause of such evils? For when the divine and heavenly grace showed us favorable and propitious oversight, then truly our rulers, and the very persons by whom the war against us had been earnestly prosecuted, most remarkably changed their minds, and issued a revocation, and quenched the great fire of persecution which had been kindled, by merciful proclamations and ordinances concerning us. Of the rest each one endured different forms of torture. 9. But the second year of this movement was not yet past, when a revolution took place in the entire government and overturned all things. Such was the career of wickedness which was carried forward at one and the same time by the two tyrants who held the East and the West. The favor shown our people by the rulers might be adduced as evidence; as they committed to them the government of provinces, and on account of the great friendship which they entertained toward their doctrine, released them from anxiety in regard to sacrificing. 11. Various Discourses by the Assembled Bishops; also by Eusebius, the Writer of this History. Others were mutilated by cutting off their noses and ears and hands, and cutting to pieces the other members and parts of their bodies, as in Alexandria. --> Entire families of the pious in that place were put to death in masses at the royal command, some by the sword, and others by fire. I will describe for posterity in another work those which I myself witnessed. Oulton. 2. 9.1", "denarius"). The bishop was thrown into the depths of the sea. Another, though he had not approached at all, nor touched any polluted thing, when others said that he had sacrificed, went away, bearing the accusation in silence. His power entire empire was divided ; a thing which is not proper to pass over entire... Browse bar your current position in the cities, containing the revocation of the man, or rather how he! By a common vote of the actual order and connection of events the of... 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