R.E.M. 4.69 VIEW DETAIL View All Previous Next. Agriculture, Industries and Trades were the base of the economy in the Indus civilization. The Indus civilization was developed on the bank of the Sindhu and Saraswati River basins in the North-west part of India, which was spread about 12.5 lakhs square km between India and Pakistan. which was the name given to the Indus region. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Balu, Haryana – Earliest evidence of garlic. The Indus civilization apparently evolved from the villages of neighbours or predecessors, using the Mesopotamian model of irrigated agriculture with sufficient skill to reap the advantages of the spacious and fertile Indus River valley while controlling the formidable annual flood that simultaneously fertilizes and destroys. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. Indus Civilization is also known as the Harappan Civilization due to the 'Harappan' that situated on the bank of the Ravi river, was the first site of this civilization, which was discovered by Raibahadur Dayaram Sahni in 1921 under the guidance of archaeological director Sir Jon Marshall. The economy, lifestyles, Living standards of Indus Civilization were comfortable and well developed. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Contributions of all bases were more valuable for their economy. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Thus, the trade relations of the Indus civilization were different-different places. PreserveArticles.com is an online article publishing site that helps you to submit your knowledge so that it may be preserved for eternity. Download Ancient History Study Materials. Political Science - Natio ... Arts & Humanities By ramita254 . Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or. Alexander Cunningham – He was the first Director-General of ASI. The Great bath of Indus civilization has been obtained from the Mohenjo-Daro, scholars are considered that It was collectively used for religious rituals. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Many questions are asked based on these sites in various exams like SSC, IBPS, CDS, NDA, UPSC civil services and state public service commission exams. This caused loss of very valuable information regarding. Indus Valley Civilization It was a highly developed civilization and derived its name from the main rivers of that region- River Indus. Oldest in the World Indus Valley civilization is at least 8,000 years old and not 5,500 years old as earlier 2. for 800 years. It started declining around 1900 BC and disappeared around 1400 BC. For the knowledge about the religious lives of Indusians, historians depend on other archaeological resources. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the Indus Civilization excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. The time period has significantly expanded going back to 7000 BC for first sign of agriculture and coming forward to 1300 BC for the last occupation of the cities. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Females were venerable in Indus societies. This article aims to delve into the Indus valley civilization and study it from the perspective of the SSC CGL/CHSL and banking examinations. Harappans were the first people to cultivate cotton. The Indus Valley civilization is the first known Urban Culture in India. Its a ancient widespread civilization along with egypt and mesopotamia. The civilization flourished between 2500BC-1750BC. Indus Valley Civilization Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). Harappans also had technical knowledge of metals & process of alloying (e.g. Important HarappanCivil Services (Prelims) Examination Special Quick Revision Notes Indus Valley Civilization (Indian History). Towns were developed in well-planned ways. Short Essay on the Economic Life of the Harappan Civilizaiton . Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. Their Walled cities had important buildings such as, the Great Bath, Granaries and the Assembly Halls. Harappans were excellent potters as is evident by their artifacts. Thier Agriculture was considered major occupation for rural areas.While the City residents were involved in internal & external trade which led to developed contacts with other civilizations ( e.g. Disclaimer: The notes on the Indus valley civilization is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. humped bull, elephant and rhinoceros). Small and large Industries of making wooden goods, soil pots, toys, seals, jewellery, beads, etc were in trend. 633 . in 1922 and collected many evidences related to this civilization. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. This civilisation is credited for building cities complete with : town planning, sanitation, drainage system and broad well-laid roads. Agriculture was the main base of the Indus economy. Also, Shell, ivory, bone and faience were used as material for different crafts. Some other known animals were bull, dog, rabbit and bird. Indian National Congress sessions and history, Find Latest Tiger Reserves in India map 2020, Latest Biosphere Reserves in India map Download Free, Update List of Biosphere Reserves in India pdf download. This civilisation is credited for building cities complete with : town planning, sanitation, drainage system and broad well-laid roads. The towns of the Harappan Civilization were developed under. is written by self with the help of various sources like books, class notes, and the Internet. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime, , while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. Other important cites were- Dhaulavira (Guj.) Their Seals were engraved with animal figures (e.g. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. ... (handwritten ... Engg and Tech By abhishek90iec . 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Historians have depended on archaeological evidence for the known history of Indus civilization, Therefore, the complete information of the history of this civilization has not been received. The only Indus site was Surkotada where the remains of a Horse have actually been found. There are many bronze sculptures found in the excavation. Bangles and Bracelets, Garlands made on the female sculptures obtained from the. 34029 . The painting was developed as the arts in this Civilization. Here, Lothal deserves special mention as the site for dockyard. Worship of Mother goddess was very popular in the Harappan Civilization but the sign of the Swastika indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. But Dholavira was divided into three parts: Citadel, Middle town, and Lower town. Arts of Indus Valley Civilization. On the basis of the Carbon-14 Denting, the Prime period of Indus valley civilization is considered to be the 2500 BC to 1750 BC, while this civilization flourished between 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE. According to religious tradition Evidence of burial and burning of dead bodies has been obtained respectively from the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro towns of Indus civilization. John Marshall – He was the DG of ASI in 1927 and first professional Archaeologist of India.But he excated horizontlly and all finds were grouped together even when they were found at different stratigraphic layers. The equipment of spinning-weave found in excavations of Harappan civilization suggests that craft was the main industry of this civilization. The Indus Valley civilization is the first known Urban Culture in India. Urbanization was the main contribution of this civilization, but contributions in Town Planning, Industries, Art & Craft, etc are also remarkable. Indus Valley Civilization Ancient India History Notes for APSC, UPSC & other Exams. History Notes For UPSC and SSC Handwritten Notes . There are many female sculptures obtained from the Harappan and Mohenjo-Daro and archaeological surveys and evidence of mother goddess worship proves that the civilization of Indus valley was Matriarchal. Their basic elements of social, culture, economy are included in present Indian culture too. R. L. Stine and A. N. Ghosh considered the climate changes were the cause of decline, while K. U. R. Kanedi reached a conclusion after research on human skeletons obtained from Mohenjo-Daro, the causes of decline were various natural epidemics. Evidence of aiguille proves that they were used stitched items of clothing. While the Lothal and Sutkotda are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. Read to learn about its origins, religious beliefs, architecture, political structure of Harappa civilization, art and crafts in Indus valley civilization, and reasons of the decline of Harappa Civilization. In around 2600-1900 BC, a civilization thrived in the Indus valley which was known as the Indus Valley Civilization.This civilization is the largest of the 4 ancient civilizations. 2700- BC.1900 ie. Evidence of underground drainage systems is also obtained from the Harappan. , are proven that females of the Civilization were makeup lovers. The town was divided into two parts, the first was small which was built on the higher places while the second was large but built on the lower region. It is also considered to be a Symbol of the oldest Urban Civilization in the world. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization was a high category, Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, and Dholavira were the well-developed towns which indicate that the civilization was urban. History of India mainly begins with Indus Civilization. Uses of cotton clothes in this civilization also proves that they were known about growing cotton. If you are through with the dates, place, and events in a … While the. During the discovering and digging of the Indus Civilization there are many sites found there, in which six towns Harappan, Mohenjo-Daro, Ganvariwala, Rakhigadhi, Kalibanga, and Dholavira are marked as the major towns of the Indus Civilization. The signs of a gradual decline of the Indus River Valley Civilization are believed to have started around 1800 BC and by 1700 BC, most of the cities were abandoned. Humped bulls were more venerables in all animals. The Indus Valley Civilization was established around 3300 BC. Due to no clear-cut evidence, the decline of Indus civilization is very debatable. They were also familiar with gold, silver, copper, tin, bronze, etc. Though lot of buildings and bricks were found, no brick kilns have been found so far. Babar Kot, Saurashtra – A stone fortification wall, plant remains of millets & gram. The age of the indus valley civilization goes remote ages even far from 3000BC to 2000 BC. Brief Notes on the Dholavira of Indus Civilization ; Short essay on the Religious Life of Indus Civlization. The main door of the house was opened on the backside of the main road but the Lothal was the single town whose doors were opened on the front of the main road. It flourished between 2600 BC and 1900 BC (Mature Indus Valley Civilization). indicates that the Sun worship was also done in this civilization. excavated and a lot of archaeological evidence has been collected from those places. 1. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700. It is also considered to be a Symbol of the oldest Urban Civilization in the world. Citadel, Paved roads, Drainage systems, building constructions, The Great bath, etc are the main features of the towns of Indus Civilization. However, one can see the various elements of the Ancient Indus Valley Civilization in later cultures. Roads were paved and wide, which was made from hard bricks. (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. Published by archi notes on November 28, 2020 November 28, 2020. Majority of the sites developed on the banks of river Indus, Ghaggar and its tributaries. It is a valley form by the river sindhu (sanskrit word). The extensive trade of Harappians was inland and foreign both. The Eastern site of the civilization was Alamgirpur (Uttar Pradesh) while the Westernmost site was Sutkagendor (Balochistan, Makran Coast of Pakistan), the distance between the eastern and western sites was 1600 km. Buildings were constructed from hard bricks or terracotta in which many rooms, kitchen, bathroom and wells, etc were available into single houses. Mohenjodaro and Harappawere unearthed. Indus Valley Civilization is very important for UPSC, PCS and other competitive exams. for 800 years. Majority of the sites developed on the banks of river Indus, Ghaggar and its tributaries. Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in South Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present-day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km). The evidence of Beads industries obtained from Chanhudaro and shell industries obtained from Balkot and Lothal are told that Harappians were also interested in Craft, Industry and Construction. Apart from these animals, birds and trees were also venerable. Wheeler – He followed the stratigraphy of excavations rather than just excavating horizontally. Which was respectively known as the Citadel and lower town. The Script of the Indus valley civilisation was the Pictographics, which probably could not be read till now. Till now, there have been thousands of places of the. are marked as the Port towns of this civilization. Harappan script is yet  to be deciphered. 2700- BC.1900 i.e. Indus Valley Civilization Notes for UPSC. It is situated in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Which was respectively known as the Citadel and lower town. A detailed note about the features, sites, society, religion etc. Foreign trade with Sumeria or Mesopotamia, Egypt, and Bahrain etc flourished. The barter system is assumed to have been the normal method for exchange of goods because there is no evidence of coins found anywhere. The geographical location of the Indus/Harappan Civilization, The Northern site of this civilization was. There are many sources and evidence has cleared that the Indus valley civilization was a well developed Ancient and Urban civilization of India. Alamgirpur in Meerut District of Uttar Pradesh, India. Features of Indus Valley Civilization. The main door of the house was opened on the backside of the main road but the Lothal was the single town whose doors were opened on the front of the main road. I hope that you like it if any queries or suggestions please comment in the box. But Dholavira was divided into three parts: Citadel, Middle town, and Lower town. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. 68. , which was spared over 12 lakh square kilometres approximately in Southern Asia. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. Females were venerable in Indus societies. Lothal was a well planned walled city which was an important centre of sea trade with the western world. Many times candidates get confused about minor details and tend to loose marks over such simple and basic topic even after reading and knowing about it. It is advised to revise these details multiple times to answer the questions asked in these exams. Drainage systems were well developed beside the roads in which wastewaters flowed. Indian National Congress sessions and history. Although, writing skill was developed in the Harappan Civilization. The first line of the script has written from right to left while the second Line has written from the left to right forms. Towns were developed in well-planned ways. Due to urban civilization social, culture, political and economic developments were different from other similar civilizations. INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION. They also built double storied houses of burnt-bricks complete with bathroom , kitchen, and a well. Know about Indus Valley Civilization or Harappa Civilization. Town Planning of Indus Valley Civilization. The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. The forms of art found from various sites of civilization include … (Uttar Pradesh) while the Westernmost site was. include the most relevant things, which could help you to know more about the Indus Civilization in less time in UPSC and other examinations. 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